Battle of Kałuszyn

Add an event picture!

The Battle of Kałuszyn, took place between September 11 and September 12, 1939, in the fields before the town of Kałuszyn near Mińsk Mazowiecki.


Following the battle for the borders, the forces of Gen. Wincenty Kowalski started a steady withdrawal and delaying actions in the area to the north-east of Warsaw. Following the battles of Pułtusk and Różan, the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division reinforced by the units of the Wyszków Operational Group arrived to the area of Mińsk Mazowiecki. However, they were overrun by the German forces of the German 11th Infantry Division, who managed to take the town and surround the Polish forces.


The Polish aim was to retake the town and break through the German encirclement before panzer reinforcements arrived and enemy resistance stiffened. After a short preparation, the battle started overnight with a Polish assault on the villages surrounding the town. The Polish forces managed to break through the positions of the enemy 44th Infantry Regiment, which was disorganized and had underestimated the Polish forces still present in the area. At one point the commander of the Polish 6th Legion's Infantry Regiment ordered the 4th squadron of the Polish 11th Uhlans Regiment to advance towards the town itself. The order was mistakenly understood as an order of a cavalry charge and the squadron, numbering 85 men at arms and commanded by Lt. Andrzej Żyliński, rushed towards the enemy positions with their sabres and rifles. In the effect of the accidental charge the Poles broke through to the town, despite suffering significant casualties (33 dead out of the 85 Uhlans who took part in the charge). The Polish infantry followed into the breach in the German defences and by the early morning the town was liberated and the German division sent in retreat.


Losses on both sides were significant. The commanding officer of 44th regiment, Maj. Krawutschke, committed suicide. In the course of the heavy fighting, the town was almost completely destroyed . Most of the substantial Jewish population of the town was deported by Germans to the Warsaw ghetto or Treblinka. After the end of World War II, the battle of Kałuszyn was one of 24 battles of the Polish Defensive War to be featured at the Tomb of Unknown Soldier in Warsaw.


Related events

1Huta Pieniacka massacreHuta Pieniacka massacre28.02.1944en, pl, ru
2Second Battle of El AlameinSecond Battle of El Alamein23.10.1942en, pl, ru
3Rozstrzelano 38 obrońców Poczty Polskiej w GdańskuRozstrzelano 38 obrońców Poczty Polskiej w Gdańsku05.10.1939pl
4Battle of HelBattle of Hel02.10.1939de, en, fr, pl, ru
5Battle of Kock 1939Battle of Kock 193902.10.1939de, en, fr, pl
Battle of Wytyczno01.10.1939en, pl, ru
7Battles of Parczew, Jabłoń and MilanówBattles of Parczew, Jabłoń and Milanów30.09.1939en, pl
8Battle of ModlinBattle of Modlin29.09.1939de, en, fr, pl
9Battle of SzackBattle of Szack28.09.1939de, en, fr, pl, ru
10Otrais Pasaules karš. Varšavas kapitulācijaOtrais Pasaules karš. Varšavas kapitulācija28.09.1939lv, pl
11Battle of HusynneBattle of Husynne24.09.1939en, pl, ru
12Kampania wrześniowa: major Henryk Dobrzański ps. Hubal sformował pierwszy oddział partyzanckiKampania wrześniowa: major Henryk Dobrzański ps. Hubal sformował pierwszy oddział partyzancki23.09.1939pl
13Battle of KrasnobródBattle of Krasnobród23.09.1939en, fr, pl
14Kampania wrześniowa: bitwa pod ŁomiankamiKampania wrześniowa: bitwa pod Łomiankami22.09.1939pl
15Soviet - Nazi German Military Parade At Brest-LitovskSoviet - Nazi German Military Parade At Brest-Litovsk22.09.1939en, lv, pl, ru
16Kampania wrześniowa: obrona PalmirKampania wrześniowa: obrona Palmir21.09.1939pl
17Battle of GrodnoBattle of Grodno20.09.1939en, pl, ru
18End of battle of Kępa OksywskaEnd of battle of Kępa Oksywska19.09.1939en, pl, ru
19Battle of WilnoBattle of Wilno19.09.1939en, fr, pl, ru
20Nepilnu mēnesi pēc nacionālsociālistu-komunistu līguma noslēgšanas Vācijas sabiedrotais- PSRS - iebrūk PolijāNepilnu mēnesi pēc nacionālsociālistu-komunistu līguma noslēgšanas Vācijas sabiedrotais- PSRS - iebrūk Polijā17.09.1939lv, pl, ru, ua


Sources: wikipedia.org


    Name Born / Since / At Died Languages
    1Felix Martin Julius SteinerFelix Martin Julius Steiner23.05.189612.05.1966de, ee, en, lv, pl, ru
    2Wincenty KowalskiWincenty Kowalski11.09.189229.11.1984en, pl