Anwar Sadat

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Anwar as-Sadat
Marshal, Nobel prize, Politician, President, Victim of crime
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Muhammad Anwar El Sadat (Arabic: محمد أنور السادات‎ Muḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [mæˈħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt]; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt's trajectory, departing from many of the political, and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the October War of 1973 to liberate Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israel Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize. Though reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country's Muslim Brotherhood and leftists in particular, who felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination.



Source: wikipedia.org

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        01.07.1967 | War of Attrition

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        06.10.1973 | Yom Kippur War (also Ramadan War, October War or the 1973 Arab–Israeli War)

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        19.01.1977 | 79 osób zginęło, a wiele zostało rannych na placu at-Tahrir w Kairze w masakrze dokonanej przez siły bezpieczeństwa na demonstrantach protestujących przeciwko polityce gospodarczej prezydenta Anwara Sadata

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        26.03.1979 | Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty

        The 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty (Arabic: معاهدة السلام المصرية الإسرائيلية‎, Mu`āhadat as-Salām al-Misrīyah al-'Isrā'īlīyah; Hebrew: הסכם השלום בין ישראל למצרים‎, Heskem HaShalom Bein Yisrael LeMitzrayim) was signed in Washington, D.C. on 26 March 1979, following the 1978 Camp David Accords. The Egypt–Israel treaty was signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter.

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        06.10.1981 | Президент Египта Анвар Садат был убит исламскими фундаменталистами во время парада Победы в Каире

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        26.12.1982 | Time Magazine pirmo reizi nomināciju "Man of the Year" (gada cilvēks) piešķīra personālajam datoram

        ASV žurnāls Time Magazine pirmo reizi nomināciju "Man of the Year" (gada cilvēks) piešķīra nevis dzīvam cilvēkam, bet gan personālajam datoram

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