Francisco Franco

Please add an image!
Birth Date:
Death date:
Extra names:
Francisco Franco y Bahamonde
Military person, Politician
 spaniard, hispanic
Set cemetery

Francisco Franco y Bahamonde (Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko ˈfɾaŋko]; 4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish dictator, military general and head of state of Spain from October 1936 (as a unified nation from 1939 onwards), and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November 1975. He came to power as a prominent member of the far-right Falange movement. As head of state, Franco used the title Caudillo de España, por la gracia de Dios, meaning Leader of Spain, by the grace of God, but also was called formally as His Excellency, The Head Of State.

Franco was from a military family, and although originally intent on entering the Spanish Navy, he instead became a soldier. He participated in the Rif War inMorocco, becoming the youngest general in Europe by 1926. After returning to the Spanish mainland, he saw service suppressing an anarchist-led strike in 1934, defending the stability of Alcalá-Zamora's conservative government. Following the formation of a Popular Front government, made up of various left-wing factions, instability heightened. Violence between militant groups rose sharply with assassination of conservative parliamentary leader José Calvo Soteloin retaliation for the killing of José Castillo. Franco and his co-conspirators used Calvo's death as their pretext for war, even though they had already initiated the plan for their rebellion.

Franco and the military participated in a coup d'état against the Popular Front government. The coup failed and devolved into the Spanish Civil War during which Franco emerged as the leader of the Nationalists against the Popular Front government. After winning the civil war with military aid from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany—while the communist Soviet Union and various Internationalists aided certain forces of the left—he dissolved the Spanish Parliament. He then established a right-wing authoritarian regime that lasted until 1978, when a new constitution was drafted. During World War II, Franco officially maintained a policy of non-belligerency and later of neutrality, in part because Spain had not recovered from the considerable damage of the civil war. However, he supported the volunteer Blue Division who fought with the Axis on the Eastern Front. He was initially disliked by Cuban Fulgencio Batista, who, during World War II, had suggested a joint U.S.-Latin American assault on Spain in order to overthrow Franco's regime.

After the end of World War II, Franco maintained his control in Spain through the implementation of austere measures: the systematic suppression of dissident views through censorship and coercion, the imprisonment of ideologically opposed enemies in concentration camps throughout the country (such as Los Merinales in Seville, San Marcos in León, Castuera in Extremadura, and Miranda de Ebro), the implementation of forced labor in prisons, and the use of the death penalty and heavy prison sentences as deterrents for his ideological enemies. During the Cold War, the United States established a diplomatic and trade alliance with Spain, due to Franco's strong anti-Communist policy. American President Richard Nixon toasted Franco, and, after Franco's death, stated: "General Franco was a loyal friend and ally of the United States." After his death, Spain gradually began its transition to democracy. Today, pre-constitutional symbols from the Franco regime—such as the national Coat of arms or flag with the Imperial Eagle—are banned by law in Spain




Source: wikipedia.org

Title From To Images Languages
The Valle de los Caídos The Valle de los Caídos 01.04.1959en, ru


        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Carmen FrancoCarmen FrancoDaughter14.02.192629.12.2017
        2Carmen PoloCarmen PoloWife11.06.190006.02.1988
        3Cristóbal Martínez-BordiúCristóbal Martínez-BordiúSon in-law01.08.192204.02.1998
        4Philippe PétainPhilippe PétainFamiliar24.04.185623.07.1951
        5Valéry Giscard d'EstaingValéry Giscard d'EstaingFamiliar02.02.192602.12.2020
        6Paula MarckxPaula MarckxFamiliar03.12.192529.06.2020
        7Stefano Delle ChiaieStefano Delle ChiaieFamiliar13.09.193610.09.2019
        8Отто фон ГабсбургОтто фон ГабсбургFamiliar20.11.191204.07.2011
        9Lluís CompanysLluís CompanysOpponent21.06.188215.10.1940