John Eisenhower

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John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower (/ˈaɪzənhaʊər/; August 3, 1922 – December 21, 2013) was the son of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife Mamie. A United States Army Brigadier General, he wrote several books of military history. He also served as the U.S. Ambassador to Belgium from 1969 to 1971.

Early life

John Eisenhower was born on August 3, 1922 in Denver, Denver County, Coloradoto future U.S. President and United States Army General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie. John Eisenhower was the second child of Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower. Their first son, Doud Dwight, known affectionately as "Icky", died in 1921, at age 3, after contracting scarlet fever. John Eisenhower, like his father, attended the United States Military Academy, graduating on June 6, 1944, the day of the Normandy landings, which his father was commanding.



John Eisenhower served in the U.S. Army during World War II and the Korean War, remaining on active duty until 1963; then serving in the U.S. Army Reserve until retirement in 1975 – attaining the rank of brigadier general. A decorated soldier, Eisenhower found his World War II military career thwarted by fears for his safety and concern from the top brass that his death or capture would be a distraction to his father, the Supreme Allied Commander. This issue arose again in 1952 when Major Eisenhower was assigned to fight in a combat unit in Korea while his father ran for President. After a short stint in combat with an infantry battalion, he was reassigned to the safety of division headquarters. In 2008, he wrote about this experience in an opinion piece in the New York Times entitled "Presidential Children Don’t Belong in Battle".

During his father's presidency, John Eisenhower served as Assistant Staff Secretary in the White House, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster.


In the administration of President Richard Nixon, who had been his father's Vice President, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium. In 1972, President Nixon appointed Eisenhower Chairman of the Interagency Classification Review Committee. In 1975, he served President Gerald Ford as chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees.

Military/historical expertise

As a military historian, Eisenhower wrote several books, including The Bitter Woods, a study of the Battle of the Bulge, and So Far from God, a history of theU.S.-Mexican War. In a New York Times review of the latter, historian Stephen W. Sears remarked that Eisenhower "writes briskly and authoritatively, and his judgments are worth reading."

John Eisenhower also wrote the forewords to Borrowed Soldiers, by Mitchell Yockelson of the U.S. National Archives, and to Kenneth W. Rendell's Politics, War and Personality: 50 Iconic Documents of World War II.

Awards and honors

The city of Marshfield, Missouri chose Eisenhower as a 2008 honoree of the Edwin P. Hubble Medal of Initiative. His grandson, Merrill Eisenhower Atwater spoke on his behalf at Marshfield's annual Cherry Blossom Festival. The medal recognizes individuals who demonstrate great initiative in their chosen field.

Personal life

Eisenhower married Barbara Jean Thompson on June 10, 1947. They divorced in 1986. The Eisenhowers had four children: a son, Dwight David, II (b. March 31, 1948, West Point, NY), who married Julie Nixon, herself a presidential daughter; and three daughters Barbara Anne Eisenhower (b. May 30, 1949, West Point, NY), Susan Eisenhower (b. December 31, 1951, Fort Knox, KY) and Mary Jean Eisenhower (b. December 21, 1955, Washington, DC). In 1988, Eisenhower married Joanne Thompson. He lived in Trappe, Maryland, after moving there from Kimberton, Pennsylvania.

A lifelong Republican, Eisenhower voted for Democrat John Kerry in the 2004 Presidential election, citing dissatisfaction with Republican incumbent George W. Bush's management of U.S. foreign policy.

He died at Trappe, Maryland on December 21, 2013.

From the death of John Coolidge in 2000 (or arguably that of Elizabeth Ann Blaesing in 2005) until his own death on December 21, 2013, Eisenhower was the oldest living presidential child. He had been an opponent of Frank Gehry's proposed design for the National Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial, which he said was "too extravagant" and "attempts to do too much."



  • The Bitter Woods. Battery Classics. 1969. ISBN 9780898391060.; Da Capo Press, 1995, ISBN 9780306806520
  • Strictly Personal Doubleday, 1974, ISBN 9780385070713
  • Allies, Pearl Harbor to D–Day. Doubleday. 1982. ISBN 9780385114790.; Da Capo Press, 2000, ISBN 9780306809415
  • So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846–1848. Random House. 1989. ISBN 9780394560519.; University of Oklahoma Press, 2000, ISBN 9780806132792
  • Intervention!: The United States Involvement in the Mexican Revolution, 1913–1917. W. W. Norton & Company. 1993.ISBN 9780393313185.
  • Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott. Free Press. 1997. ISBN 9780684844510.
  • Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I. Simon and Schuster. 2001. ISBN 9780743216371.
  • General Ike: A Personal Reminiscence. Simon and Schuster. 2003. ISBN 9780743255721.
  • Zachary Taylor. Macmillan. 2008. ISBN 9780805082371.
  • A Morning in June: Defending Outpost Harry. University of Alabama Press. 2010. ISBN 9780817316693.
  • Soldiers and Statesmen: Reflections on Leadership. University of Missouri Press. 2012. ISBN 9780826219701.


Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Dwight EisenhowerDwight EisenhowerFather14.10.189028.03.1969
        2Mamie EisenhowerMamie EisenhowerMother14.11.189601.11.1979
        3Valéry Giscard d'EstaingValéry Giscard d'EstaingFamiliar02.02.192602.12.2020
        4Pearl BaileyPearl BaileyFamiliar29.03.191817.08.1990
        5Pat NixonPat NixonFamiliar16.03.191222.06.1993
        6Fidel  CastroFidel CastroOpponent13.08.192625.11.2016

        06.06.1944 | D-Day

        In the military, D-Day is the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. The best known D-Day is June 6, 1944 — the day of the Normandy landings — initiating the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II.

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