Rudolf Schmundt

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Officer, WWII participant
Berlin, Invalids' Cemetery

Rudolf Schmundt (13 August 1896 – 1 October 1944) was an officer in the Germany Army and adjutant to Adolf Hitler during World War II. He was injured during the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and died a few months later from his wounds.

Schmundt was born in Metz and served as a Lieutenant for the German Army during World War I. In World War II he attained the rank of General of the Infantry on 1 September 1944, and became the Chief of the Personnel Department of the German Army.

Throughout the war, Rudolf Schmundt was one of Adolf Hitler's many adjutants, and flew with Erwin Rommel in early 1941, just before the Afrika Korps was created.

Schmundt was one of the casualties of the failed July 20 plot, planned to kill the German dictator Adolf Hitler. One of the conspirators, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, placed a bomb in a briefcase beside Hitler. Colonel Heinz Brandt moved it behind a heavy table leg and unwittingly saved Hitler's life, but as a consequence, he lost his own. Severely injured in the assassination attempt, Schmundt initially made a promising recovery, but ultimately died of complications resulting from his injuries on 1 October 1944.

After Schmundt's death, all current Generals and Field Marshals were summoned by Hitler to attend a funeral service at the Tannenberg Memorial, in east Prussia. As reported by Hauptmann Alexander Stahlberg (aide to Field Marshal Von Manstein) in his book "Bounden Duty", the group were entrained back to Berlin and General Schmundt was buried, on Hitler's orders, in the hero's cemetery — the Invaliden. Hitler did not attend either ceremonies.

Schmundt was posthumously awarded the German Order on 7 October 1944. He was replaced as the Chief of the Personnel Department by General Wilhelm Burgdorf, the Deputy Chief.


  • Fahnenjunker: 10 August 1914
  • Leutnant: 22 March 1915
  • Hauptmann: 1931
  • Major: 1936
  • Oberstleutnant: 1 October 1938
  • Oberst: 4 August 1939
  • Generalmajor: 1 January 1942
  • Generalleutnant: 1 April 1943
  • General der Infanterie: 1 September 1944


  • Iron Cross of 1914, 1st and 2nd class
  • Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
  • Wehrmacht Long Service Award
  • Golden Party Badge
  • German Order (7 October 1944, posthumously)

Source: wikipedia.org

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        20.07.1944 | Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

        The 20 July plot refers to the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of the Third Reich, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia, in July 1944. The apparent purpose of the assassination attempt was to seize political control of Germany and its armed forces from the Nazi Party (including the SS) in order to obtain peace with the Allies as soon as possible. The underlying desire of many of the involved high ranking Wehrmacht officers was apparently to show to the world that not all Germans were like Hitler and the NSDAP. The details of the conspirators' peace initiatives remain unknown, but they likely would have included demands to accept wide reaching territorial annexations by Germany in Europe.

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