Boris Nemtsov

Birth Date:
Death date:
Person's maiden name:
Boris Efimovich Nemtsov
Extra names:
Бoриc Heмцов, Бoриc Eфи́мoвич Heмцов
Duma deputy, Minister, Physicist, Politician, Victim of crime
Troyekurovskoye Cemetery

Boris Efimovich Nemtsov was a Russian statesman and liberal politician, a co-chair of the RPR-PARNAS political party, one of the leaders of Solidarnostmovement and an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin.

Nemtsov may be best known as the 1st Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast(1991–97). Later he worked in Government of Russia as Minister of fuel and energy (1997), Vice Premier of Russia and Security Council member from 1997 to 1998. In 1998 he founded the Young Russia movement. In 1998, he co-founded the coalition group Right Cause and in 1999, he co-formed Union of Right Forces, electoral bloc and subsequently political party. He was elected several times as Russian parliament member. Nemtsov was a member ofCongress of People's Deputies (1990), Federation Council (1993-1997) andState Duma (1999–2003). He also worked as Vice Speaker of the State Dumaand the leader of parliamentary group of Union of Right Forces. After a split in the Union of Right Forces in 2008, he co-founded Solidarnost. In 2010, he co-formed coalition For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption (was refused in registration as party). Since 2012 Nemtsov has been co-chair of Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party (RPR-PARNAS), a registered political party.

He is a candidate of physico-mathematical sciences. Known as an author of several publications criticising the Putin administration and an active organizer and participant of Dissenters' Marches, Strategy-31 and rallies «For Fair Elections».

He was shot four times in the chest in Moscow at 23:40 27 February 2015 almost one day before opposition anti-crisis march named "Vesna" (from russian as 'spring')


Борис Немцов: "Пора освободить Россию от Путина"

Убит Борис Немцов ШОК! первые кадры с места убийства +18 - killed Boris Nemtsov

Early life

Boris Efimovich Nemtsov was born on 9 October 1959 in Sochi to Efim Davidovich and Dina Yakovlevna (née Eidman) Nemtsov. His mother was Jewish. In his autobiography, Nemtsov recounts that his Russian Orthodoxpaternal grandmother had him baptized as an infant,[5] something Nemtsov, now a practicing Orthodox Christian, found out many years later.[6]

From 1976–81 he studied physics at Gorky State University, where, in 1985, he earned his Ph.D in Physics and Mathematics, defending his dissertation at the age of 25. Until 1990 Nemtsov worked as a research fellow at the Gorky Radio-Physics Research Institute (Горьковский научно-иссследовательский радиофизический институт, НИРФИ).

In 1986, in the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, Nemtsov organized a protest movement in his hometown, which effectively prevented the construction of a new nuclear power plant in the region.

Political career

In 1989, Nemtsov decided to run for the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies. He ran on a platform of reform, which for the time was quite radical; promoting ideas such as multi-party democracy and private enterprise. He was unsuccessful in this election, but returned to run for the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Republic representing Gorky (later renamed Nizhny Novgorod) in 1990. This time around Nemtsov defeated the twelve other candidates in the election, most of whom were members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union nomenklatura (Chinayeva 1996, 36). In Parliament he joined the "Reform Coalition" and "Centre-Left" political groups.

In the Russian parliament, Nemtsov was on the legislative committee, working on agricultural reform and the liberalization of foreign trade. It was in this position that Nemtsov came to meet Boris Yeltsin, who was impressed with the young man’s work (Chinayeva 1996, 36). During the 1991 attack on the government by those opposed to Yeltsin, Nemtsov was a vehement supporter of the president, and stood by him during the entire clash. After the events of October 1991, Nemtsov’s loyalty was rewarded with the position of presidential representative in his home region of Nizhny Novgorod (Chinayeva 1996, 36).

In November 1991 Nemtsov was appointed Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region. He was re-elected in that position by popular vote in December 1995. His tenure was marked by the implementation of a wide-ranging, chaotic free market reform programme which earned the nickname "Laboratory of Reform" for Nihzhny Novgorod and resulted in significant economic growth for the region. Nemtsov's reforms won praise from former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who visited Nizhny Novgorod in 1993 (Chinayeva 1996, 37).

In December 1993 Nemtsov was elected to the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian Parliament. During the election campaign he was backed by "Russia's Choice" and "Yabloko", which were then the principal liberal parties in the country.

In March 1997 Nemtsov was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, with special responsibility for reform of the energy sector. He was widely popular with the public and appeared to be the lead candidate to become President of Russia in 2000. In the summer of 1997, opinion polls gave Nemtsov over 50% support as a potential presidential candidate. His political career, however, suffered a blow in August 1998 following the crash of the Russian stock-market and the ensuing economic crisis.

As part of Chubais' economic team, Nemtsov was forced to resign his position of Deputy Prime Minister (Yeltsin 2000, 99). After the dismissal of Prime Minister Chernomyrdin in 1998, Nemtsov was reappointed by Yeltsin to his post of Deputy Prime Minister, but again resigned shortly after when Yeltsin dissolved the government. In August 1999 Nemtsov became one of the co-founders of the Union of Rightist Forces, a new liberal-democratic coalition which received nearly 6 million votes, or 8.6%, in the parliamentary elections in December 1999. Nemtsov himself was elected to the State Duma, or lower house of Parliament, and consequently became its Deputy Speaker in February 2000. In May 2000, after the resignation ofSergei Kiriyenko, Nemtsov was elected leader of the Union of Rightist Forces and its parliamentary group in the State Duma. His position as party leader was confirmed at the Union of Rightist Forces congress in May 2001, where he was backed by over 70% of delegates. In 2002 he took part in the negotiations with the hostage-takers during the Moscow theater hostage crisis.

Between 2000 and 2003 Nemtsov was in a difficult political position. While he vehemently opposed what he believed to be President Vladimir Putin's policies of rolling back democracy and civic freedoms in Russia, he had to collaborate with the powerful co-chairman of the Union of Rightist Forces, Anatoly Chubais, who favoured a more conciliatory line towards the Kremlin. As a consequence, the Union of Rightist Forces's message appeared muddled and confused, thus alienating many liberal voters. In the parliamentary elections of December 2003 the Union of Rightist Forces, whose list was headed by both Nemtsov and Chubais, received just 2.4 million votes, or 4% of the total, thus falling short of the 5% threshold necessary to enter Parliament and losing all of its seats in the State Duma. Official results of the election were put in doubt by exit polls and the alternative vote-count conducted by independent election observers, which showed the Union of Rightist Forces with more than 5% of the national vote and thus eligible for parliamentary seats. However, in January 2004, Nemtsov resigned from the party leadership, accepting his responsibility for the election defeat. 

Later career

In January 2004, Nemtsov co-authored (with his longtime advisor and party colleague Vladimir V. Kara-Murza) an article entitled "Appeal to the Putinist Majority", warning of the dangers of the impending Putin dictatorship, which appeared inNezavisimaya Gazeta. Later the same month he co-founded "Committee 2008", an umbrella group of the Russian opposition which also included Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Bukovsky and other prominent liberals..

In February 2004, Nemtsov was appointed as a director of the Neftyanoi Bank, and Chairman of Neftyanoi Concern, the bank’s parent company. In December 2005, however, prosecutors announced that the bank would be subject to an investigation following allegations of money laundering and fraud. Nemtsov subsequently stepped down from both his positions in the company citing that he wanted to minimize the political fallout that may ensue because of his continuing involvement in Russian politics. Nemtsov also alleged that his bank might have been targeted because of his friendship and support of former Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov who had stated his intention to run for president in 2008.

During the 2004 Ukrainian presidential elections, Nemtsov came out as a strong supporter of the eventual winner Viktor Yushchenko, while the Russian government backed his opponent. Shortly after the Orange Revolution, as the elections and series of protests in Ukraine came to be called, Yushchenko appointed Nemtsov as an economic advisor (Dow Jones International News, 14 February 2005). Nemtsov’s main goal would be to improve business ties between Ukraine and Russia, which had been damaged after the Putin government strongly supported Yushchenko's opponent in the presidential election. Yushchenko's selection of Nemtsov was controversial as Nemtsov was a remaining vocal critic of Putin.

The relationship between Nemtsov and the Ukrainian government became unstable in the middle of 2005, when a group of legislators called for Yushchenko to fire Nemtsov following accusations that Nemtsov criticized Ukrainian cabinet decisions. He remained as an economic advisor to Yushchenko, despite the criticism, until October 2006, when the office of the Ukrainian president announced that Nemtsov had been “relieved of his duties as a free lance presidential adviser”.

On 26 December 2007, Nemtsov withdrew his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election, saying that he did not want to draw votes away from the other candidate of the "democratic opposition", Mikhail Kasyanov.

Nemtsov co-founded with Gary Kasparov the political opposition movementSolidarnost (Solidarity) on 13 December 2008. The organisation hopes to unite the various opposition forces in Russia. Nemtsov announced at a Solidarnost meeting on 12 March 2009, that he would stand for mayor of Sochi in the city's 26 April election. Nemtsov, a Sochi native, has criticised plans to hold the 2014 Winter Olympicsin the town, a position he considers led to an alleged attack on him by Nashi members using ammonium chloride on 23 March 2009.

On 27 April 2009 it was announced that the acting Sochi mayor and United Russiacandidate Anatoly Pakhomov had won the election with 77% of the vote. Nemtsov, who came second with around 14% of the vote, contested the fairness of the election, alleging that he was denied media access and that government workers had been pressured to vote for Pakhomov. Nemtsov is among the 34 original signatories of the online anti-Putin manifesto "Putin must go", published on 10 March 2010. In September 2010, together with Vladimir Ryzhkov, Mikhail Kasyanov and Vladimir Milov, Nemtsov formed the "For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption" party, which, three months later was transformed into the People's Freedom Party.

 In May 2011 the party submitted an application for registration to the Ministry of Justice, but one month later registration was denied. The party is examining various forms of boycott of the parliamentary elections of December 2011. It is also going to elect an alternative candidate for the presidential elections of March 2012.

On 16 December 2010, Putin stated, in a live television broadcast, that during the 1990s, Nemtsov, Milov and Ryzhkov "dragged a lot of billions along with Berezovsky and those who are now in prison... They have been pulled away from the manger, they had been spending heavily, and now they want to go back and fill their pockets". In January 2011, Nemtsov, Milov and Ryzhkov brought the case of Putin's statement before the Moscow City Court, but the following month the suit was dismissed. According to the judge, Tatiana Adamova, the names of Nemtsov, Milov and Ryzhkov were used by Putin merely as common names to refer to a certain class of politicians.

Arrests and imprisonment

On 25 November 2007, Nemtsov was arrested by police during an unauthorized protest against President Putin, he told the press. Nemtsov was released later that day. On 31 December 2010, he was again arrested with other opposition leaders during a rally against government restrictions on public protests. He was sentenced to 15 days in jail on 2 January 2011. The arrests were condemned by US Senators John McCain and Joe Lieberman, and by Amnesty International who described him as a prisoner of conscience. The Economist called his arrest "a new low" in the governance of Russia.

Nemtsov filed a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights, which, according to its lawyer, immediately accepted Nemtsov's complaint and agreed to treat the case through its new urgent procedure. On 6 December 2011 Nemtsov was once again arrested, with at least a hundred other demonstrators, during the December 6 protests in Moscow.

Family life

Nemtsov was married and had four children.

Political views

Since his dismissal from the government, Nemtsov became an important actor in the political discourse and eventually in the opposition to the Russian government as led by Putin. Nemtsov's political beliefs have caused some to characterize him as a "new liberal".  (Shlapentokh 1999, p. 1169)

In December 2013, Nemtsov said on behalf of his party: "We supportUkraine's course toward European integration [...] By supporting Ukraine, we also support ourselves."

Nemtsov condemned the shoot-down of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in war-torn eastern Ukraine: "My condolences to the families of the victims. The bastards, who did this, must be destroyed. Theseparatists the other day bragged they had the Buk missiles, with which they wanted to take down an AN-26. If those are them, they must get no mercy."

Nemtsov is among the few Russian statesman who is a vocal critic of the Annexation of Crimea by Russia. Nemtsov has stated that he views Crimea as an integral part of Ukraine and its annexation by the Russian Federation to be illegal, saying the people of Crimea and not Russian legislators should decide in which country they should reside.

In September 2014, Nemtsov wrote in the Kyiv Post: "...current events indicate that the most nightmarish, the most bloody scenario of fratricidal war is already developing. This is not our war, this is not your war, this is not the war of 20-year old paratroopers sent out there. This is Vladimir Putin's war."


Since 2008, Nemtsov and Vladimir Milov have published several reports criticising Putin's government and proposing alternative ways of development for the country:

  • Putin. Results - February 2008
  • Putin and Gazprom - September 2008
  • Putin and the Crisis - February 2009
  • Sochi and the Olympics - April 2009
  • Putin. Results. 10 years - June 2010. Translated into English as Putin: What 10 Years of Putin Have Brought, a revised edition of the report Putin. Results of 2008.
  • Putin. Corruption - March 2011. Written by co-chairmen of the People's Freedom Party Nemtsov, Milov, Ryzhkov and Solidarity movement spokesman Olga Shorina. The printing of the report was funded with donations

Source: ИТАР-ТАСС, wikipedia.org, news.lv


        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Ефим НемцовЕфим НемцовFather00.00.192800.00.1988
        2Евгений БушминЕвгений БушминFriend04.10.195806.10.2019
        3Yegor Timurovich GaidarYegor Timurovich GaidarFriend19.03.195616.12.2009
        4Rem ViakhirevRem ViakhirevCoworker23.08.193411.02.2013
        5Boris YeltsinBoris YeltsinCoworker01.02.193123.04.2007
        6Виктор ШейнисВиктор ШейнисCoworker16.02.193125.06.2023
        7Сергей  КириенкоСергей КириенкоCoworker26.07.1962
        8Владимир ЛопухинВладимир ЛопухинCoworker23.05.195226.05.2020
        9Валерий МахарадзеВалерий МахарадзеCoworker00.00.194015.11.2008
        10Mikhail LesinMikhail LesinCoworker11.06.195805.11.2015
        11Владимир ХубиевВладимир ХубиевCoworker26.03.193217.03.2004
        12Александр ЗаверюхаАлександр ЗаверюхаCoworker30.04.194021.03.2015
        13Евгений СабуровЕвгений СабуровCoworker13.02.194620.06.2009
        14Yury  VlasovYury VlasovCoworker05.12.193513.02.2021
        15Валерий КоковВалерий КоковCoworker18.10.194129.10.2005
        16Борис ФедоровБорис ФедоровFamiliar13.02.195819.11.2008
        17Юрий  ПетровЮрий ПетровFamiliar18.01.193924.10.2013
        18Сергей БиецСергей БиецFamiliar17.06.196824.03.2019
        19Geydar  DzhemalGeydar DzhemalFamiliar06.11.194705.12.2016
        20Владимир МашицВладимир МашицFamiliar18.04.195328.05.2019
        21Alexey  KazannikAlexey KazannikFamiliar26.07.194102.06.2019
        22Nikolai   KovalyovNikolai KovalyovFamiliar06.08.194905.04.2019
        23Игорь МалашенкоИгорь МалашенкоFamiliar02.10.195425.02.2019
        24Ксения  ПономарёваКсения ПономарёваFamiliar19.09.196115.08.2016
        25Iosif KobzonIosif KobzonFamiliar11.09.193730.08.2018
        26Viktor   AnpilovViktor AnpilovFamiliar02.10.194515.01.2018
        27Владимир ГоловлевВладимир ГоловлевFamiliar11.05.195721.08.2002
        28Андрей ЧеркизовАндрей ЧеркизовFamiliar01.04.195414.01.2007
        29Philipp  BobkovPhilipp BobkovFamiliar01.12.192517.06.2019
        30Борис ИсаевБорис ИсаевFamiliar18.06.193502.10.2004
        31Vladimirs KogansVladimirs KogansFamiliar27.04.196320.06.2019
        32Sergei MavrodiSergei MavrodiFamiliar11.08.195526.03.2018
        33Lyudmila  AlexeyevaLyudmila AlexeyevaFamiliar20.07.192708.12.2018
        34Максим КовальскийМаксим КовальскийFamiliar30.08.196429.03.2019
        35Жорес АлферовЖорес АлферовFamiliar15.03.193001.03.2019
        36Олег ЛобовОлег ЛобовFamiliar07.09.193706.09.2018
        37Anatoly SobchakAnatoly SobchakFamiliar10.08.193720.02.2000
        38Николай АндрущенкоНиколай АндрущенкоFamiliar10.09.194319.04.2017
        39Pavel  SheremetPavel SheremetFamiliar28.11.197120.07.2016
        40Мурат АхеджакМурат АхеджакFamiliar18.07.196207.12.2010
        41Василий ШандыбинВасилий ШандыбинFamiliar25.07.194130.12.2009
        42Яков ЛондонЯков ЛондонFamiliar13.04.196429.07.2018
        43Valeriya  NovodvorskayaValeriya NovodvorskayaFamiliar, Idea mate17.05.195012.07.2014
        44Николай ЕгоровНиколай ЕгоровFamiliar03.05.195125.04.1997
        45Виктор ТопаллерВиктор ТопаллерFamiliar13.07.195810.01.2018
        46Николай КондратенкоНиколай КондратенкоFamiliar16.02.194023.11.2013
        47Stanislav  GovorukhinStanislav GovorukhinFamiliar29.03.193614.06.2018
        48Сергей ЮшенковСергей ЮшенковFamiliar27.06.195017.04.2003
        49Юрий СкоковЮрий СкоковFamiliar20.06.193805.02.2013
        50Vladimir  Kara-Murza Sr.Vladimir Kara-Murza Sr.Familiar24.10.195928.07.2019
        51Георгий РогозинГеоргий РогозинFamiliar07.08.194206.03.2014
        52Наталия БасовскаяНаталия БасовскаяFamiliar21.05.194124.05.2019
        53Георгий ГабунияГеоргий ГабунияFamiliar06.09.195222.01.2000
        54Евгений ТкаченкоЕвгений ТкаченкоFamiliar21.03.193501.04.2018
        55Игорь СергеевИгорь СергеевFamiliar20.04.193810.11.2006
        56John McCainJohn McCainFamiliar29.08.193625.08.2018
        57Константин ПетровКонстантин ПетровFamiliar23.08.194521.07.2009
        58Nikolay  GlushkovNikolay GlushkovFamiliar24.12.194913.03.2018
        59Barbara BushBarbara BushFamiliar08.06.192517.04.2018
        60Клавдия ЕльцинаКлавдия ЕльцинаFamiliar00.00.190800.00.1993
        61Дмитрий ЗавадскийДмитрий ЗавадскийFamiliar28.08.197209.07.2000
        62Jeļizaveta GļinkaJeļizaveta GļinkaFamiliar20.02.196224.11.2016
        63Viktor ChernomyrdinViktor ChernomyrdinFamiliar09.04.193803.11.2010
        64Геннадий МеркуловГеннадий МеркуловFamiliar12.05.194014.05.2015
        65Wladimir  SchirinowskiWladimir SchirinowskiFamiliar25.04.194606.04.2022
        66Андрей КозловАндрей КозловFamiliar06.01.196514.09.2006
        67Юрий ЗахаренкоЮрий ЗахаренкоFamiliar01.01.195207.05.1999
        68Анатолий КрасовскийАнатолий КрасовскийFamiliar07.05.195216.09.1999
        69Магомет ТекеевМагомет ТекеевFamiliar12.02.196212.05.2018
        70Виктор ГончарВиктор ГончарFamiliar07.09.195816.09.1999
        71Всеволод ЧаплинВсеволод ЧаплинFamiliar31.03.196826.01.2020
        72Сергей ПесковСергей ПесковFamiliar24.05.194827.05.2014
        73Виталий ВульфВиталий ВульфFamiliar23.05.193013.03.2011
        74Сергей Бодров (мл.)Сергей Бодров (мл.)Familiar27.12.197120.09.2002
        75Gleb PavlovskijGleb PavlovskijFamiliar05.03.195126.02.2023
        76Boris BerezovskyBoris BerezovskyFamiliar23.01.194623.03.2013
        77Юрий ГладковЮрий ГладковFamiliar22.01.194906.10.2007
        78Александр ЩетининАлександр ЩетининFamiliar27.08.196227.08.2016
        79Сакина ШаймиеваСакина ШаймиеваFamiliar23.08.193916.11.2018
        80Анатолий ДобряковАнатолий ДобряковFamiliar23.02.193912.05.2003
        81Аркадий ВепревАркадий ВепревFamiliar29.10.192723.07.2006
        82Валерий ЗубовВалерий ЗубовFamiliar09.05.195327.04.2016
        83Евгений КузнецовЕвгений КузнецовFamiliar27.12.193803.11.2005
        84Игорь ФархутдиновИгорь ФархутдиновFamiliar16.04.195020.08.2003
        85Анатолий ГужвинАнатолий ГужвинFamiliar25.03.194617.08.2004
        86Игорь ЕсиповскийИгорь ЕсиповскийFamiliar28.03.196010.05.2009
        87Виктор ШершуновВиктор ШершуновFamiliar16.11.195020.09.2007
        88Григорий БелодедГригорий БелодедFamiliar00.00.194628.04.2020
        89Валентин ЦветковВалентин ЦветковFamiliar27.08.194818.10.2002
        90Виталий МухаВиталий МухаFamiliar17.05.193622.05.2005
        91Александр ТизяковАлександр ТизяковFamiliar10.12.192625.01.2019
        92Eduard  LimonovEduard LimonovFamiliar22.02.194317.03.2020
        93Владимир СагановВладимир СагановFamiliar07.03.193600.00.1999
        94Алексей ЯблоковАлексей ЯблоковFamiliar03.10.193310.01.2017
        95Лев БашмаковЛев БашмаковFamiliar26.02.193830.12.2018
        96Гералина ЛюбарскаяГералина ЛюбарскаяFamiliar05.05.194117.02.2010
        97Владимир ЛеончевВладимир ЛеончевFamiliar18.10.194631.12.2009
        98Юрий ВласовЮрий ВласовFamiliar22.06.196109.01.2019
        99Oleg  TabakovOleg TabakovFamiliar17.08.193512.03.2018
        100Константин КрыловКонстантин КрыловFamiliar18.10.196712.05.2020
        101Борис ПолуяхтовБорис ПолуяхтовFamiliar16.09.193420.08.2014
        102Лев БаяндинЛев БаяндинFamiliar02.01.194214.02.2018
        103Олег МироновОлег МироновFamiliar05.06.193901.09.2020
        104Вадим РечкаловВадим РечкаловFamiliar24.04.196407.01.2017
        105Адольф ЛаптевАдольф ЛаптевFamiliar18.11.193516.11.2005
        106Иван ШабунинИван ШабунинFamiliar09.10.193520.09.2006
        107Анатолий БелоноговАнатолий БелоноговFamiliar24.02.193907.09.2019
        108Anatolijs JefremovsAnatolijs JefremovsFamiliar30.01.195213.10.2009
        109Юрий ЛяшкоЮрий ЛяшкоFamiliar22.04.194307.03.2015
        110Михаил НаролинМихаил НаролинFamiliar19.10.193321.01.2011
        111Владислав ТихомировВладислав ТихомировFamiliar14.08.193919.06.2017
        112Андрей ВоробьевАндрей ВоробьевFamiliar01.11.192815.06.2020
        113Владимир СергеенковВладимир СергеенковFamiliar05.12.193827.09.2014
        114Михаил НаролинМихаил НаролинFamiliar19.10.193321.01.2011
        115Леонид ГорбенкоЛеонид ГорбенкоFamiliar20.06.193907.08.2010
        116Александр ДерягинАлександр ДерягинFamiliar19.02.194116.07.2010
        117Александр СуратАлександр СуратFamiliar12.10.194702.09.2016
        118Анатолий ТяжловАнатолий ТяжловFamiliar11.10.194228.07.2008
        119Сергей ЛеушкинСергей ЛеушкинFamiliar09.10.195020.04.2008
        120Anna PolitkovskayaAnna PolitkovskayaFamiliar, Idea mate30.08.195807.10.2006
        121Степан КиселёвСтепан КиселёвIdea mate10.01.193818.07.2002
        122Сергей МохнаткинСергей МохнаткинIdea mate06.03.195428.05.2020
        123Евгений ИхловЕвгений ИхловIdea mate08.04.195905.06.2019
        124Алексей СтрогановАлексей СтрогановIdea mate00.00.196517.10.2017
        125Vlad ListyevVlad ListyevIdea mate10.05.195601.03.1995
        126Сергей Шаров-ДелонеСергей Шаров-ДелонеIdea mate27.09.195607.11.2019
        127Kronid LjubarskiKronid LjubarskiIdea mate04.04.193423.05.1996
        128Aleksandr  DolmatovAleksandr DolmatovIdea mate12.09.197617.01.2013
        129БанзайБанзайIdea mate23.05.196103.08.2014
        130Константин СиницынКонстантин СиницынIdea mate00.00.196426.01.2018
        131Vladimir BukovskyVladimir BukovskyIdea mate30.12.194227.10.2019
        132Alexei  DevotchenkoAlexei DevotchenkoIdea mate14.10.196505.11.2014
        133Sergei MagnitskySergei MagnitskyIdea mate08.04.197216.11.2009
        134Иван СкляровИван СкляровSuccessor22.06.194826.02.2007