Communist genocides. Georgia: August Uprising against Russian Soviet rule. Communists won. Executed 12,578, more than 20,000 deported
The August Uprising (Georgian: აგვისტოს აჯანყება, agvistos adjanq’eba) was an unsuccessful insurrection against Soviet (Russia) rule in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic from late August to early September 1924.
Aimed at restoring the independence of Georgia, proclaimed in 1918 and lost in 1921 from the Soviet Union, the uprising was led by the Committee for Independence of Georgia, a bloc of anti-Soviet political organizations chaired by the Georgian Social Democratic (Menshevik) Party.
It was the culmination of a three-year struggle against the Bolshevik regime that the Soviet Russia’s Red Army established during a military campaign against the Democratic Republic of Georgia in early 1921.
The Red Army and Cheka troops, under orders of Joseph Stalin and Sergo Ordzhonikidze, suppressed the insurrection, and instigated a wave of mass repressions that killed several thousand Georgia citizens. The August uprising was one of the last major rebellions against the early Soviet government, and its defeat marked the final establishment of the Soviet rule in Georgia.
In a series of raids, the Red Army and Cheka detachments killed thousands of civilians, exterminating entire families including women and children. Mass executions took place in prisons,where people were killed without trial, including even those in prison at the time of the rebellion.] Hundreds of arrested were shot directly in railway trunks, so that the dead bodies could be removed faster—a new and effective technical invention by the Cheka officer, Talakhadze.
The exact number of casualties and the victims of the purges remains unknown.
Approximately 3,000 died in fighting.
The number of those who were executed during the uprising or in its immediate aftermath amounted to 7,000–10,000 or even more. According to the most recent accounts included also in The Black Book of Communism (Harvard University Press, 1999), 12,578 people were put to death from 29 August to 5 September 1924. About 20,000 people were deported to Siberia and Central Asian deserts.