George V

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George Frederick Ernest Albert of Windsor
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Džordžs V Vindzors, Георг V, Georgs V, Георг Фридрих Эрнст Альберт, ,
Aristocrat, Duke, Emperor, King, Prince
Norfolk, West Point Cemetery

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was the second son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, and was third in the line of succession to the British throne behind his father and elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. From 1877 to 1892, George served in the Royal Navy, until the unexpected death of his elder brother in early 1892 put him directly in line for the throne. On Victoria's death in 1901, George's father ascended the throne as Edward VII, and George was created Prince of Wales. He became king-emperor on his father's death in 1910.

George's reign saw the rise of socialism, communism, fascism, Irish republicanism, and the Indian independence movement, all of which radically changed the political landscape of the British Empire. The Parliament Act 1911 established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of Lords. As a result of the First World War (1914–1918), the empires of his first cousins Nicholas II of Russia and Wilhelm II of Germany fell, while the British Empire expanded to its greatest effective extent. In 1917, he became the first monarch of the House of Windsor, which he renamed from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as a result of anti-German public sentiment. In 1924, George appointed the first Labour ministry and the 1931 Statute of Westminster recognised the Empire's dominions as separate, independent states within the British Commonwealth of Nations.

He suffered from smoking-related health problems throughout much of his later reign, and at his death was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII.

Early life and education

George was born on 3 June 1865, in Marlborough House, London. He was the second son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, and Alexandra, Princess of Wales. His father was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and his mother was the eldest daughter of King Christian IX and Queen Louise of Denmark. He was baptised at Windsor Castle on 7 July 1865 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Longley.

As a younger son of the Prince of Wales, there was little expectation that George would become king. He was third in line to the throne, after his father and elder brother, Prince Albert Victor.

George was only 17 months younger than Albert Victor, and the two princes were educated together. John Neale Dalton was appointed as their tutor in 1871. Neither Albert Victor nor George excelled intellectually. As their father thought that the navy was "the very best possible training for any boy", in September 1877, when George was 12 years old, both brothers joined the cadet training ship HMS Britannia at Dartmouth, Devon.

For three years from 1879, the royal brothers served on HMS Bacchante, accompanied by Dalton. They toured the colonies of the British Empire in the Caribbean, South Africa and Australia, and visited Norfolk, Virginia, as well as South America, the Mediterranean, Egypt, and East Asia. In 1881 on a visit to Japan, George had a local artist tattoo a blue and red dragon on his arm, and was received in an audience by the Emperor Meiji; George and his brother presented Empress Haruko with two wallabies from Australia. Dalton wrote an account of their journey entitled The Cruise of HMS Bacchante. Between Melbourne and Sydney, Dalton recorded a sighting of the Flying Dutchman, a mythical ghost ship. When they returned to Britain, the Queen complained that her grandsons could not speak French or German, and so they spent six months in Lausanne in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to learn another language. After Lausanne, the brothers were separated; Albert Victor attended Trinity College, Cambridge, while George continued in the Royal Navy. He travelled the world, visiting many areas of the British Empire. During his naval career he commanded Torpedo Boat 79 in home waters, then HMS Thrush on the North America and West Indies Station. His last active service was in command of HMS Melampus in 1891–92. From then on, his naval rank was largely honorary.


As a young man destined to serve in the navy, Prince George served for many years under the command of his uncle, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, who was stationed in Malta. There, he grew close to and fell in love with his cousin, Princess Marie of Edinburgh. His grandmother, father and uncle all approved the match, but his mother and aunt—the Princess of Wales and Maria Alexandrovna, Duchess of Edinburgh—opposed it. The Princess of Wales thought the family was too pro-German, and the Duchess of Edinburgh disliked England. The Duchess, the only daughter of Alexander II of Russia, resented the fact that, as the wife of a younger son of the British sovereign, she had to yield precedence to George's mother, the Princess of Wales, whose father had been a minor German prince before being called unexpectedly to the throne of Denmark. Guided by her mother, Marie refused George when he proposed to her. She married Ferdinand, the future King of Romania, in 1893.

In November 1891, George's elder brother, Albert Victor, became engaged to his second cousin once removed Princess Victoria Mary of Teck, known as "May" within the family. Her parents were Francis, Duke of Teck (a member of a morganatic, cadet branch of the House of Württemberg), and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a male-line granddaughter of King George III and a first cousin of Queen Victoria.

On 14 January 1892, six weeks after the formal engagement, Albert Victor died of pneumonia during an influenza pandemic, leaving George second in line to the throne, and likely to succeed after his father. George had only just recovered from a serious illness himself, after being confined to bed for six weeks with typhoid fever, the disease that was thought to have killed his grandfather Prince Albert. Queen Victoria still regarded Princess May as a suitable match for her grandson, and George and May grew close during their shared period of mourning.

A year after Albert Victor's death, George proposed to May and was accepted. They married on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal in St James's Palace, London. Throughout their lives, they remained devoted to each other. George was, on his own admission, unable to express his feelings easily in speech, but they often exchanged loving letters and notes of endearment.

Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Edvards VIIEdvards VIIFather09.11.184106.05.1910
        2Jacob KettlerJacob KettlerProgenitor28.10.161010.01.1682
        3Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise JuliaAlexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise JuliaMother01.12.184420.11.1925
        4George VIGeorge VISon14.12.189506.02.1952
        5Prince George Duke of KentPrince George Duke of KentSon20.12.190225.08.1942
        6Edward  VIIIEdward VIIISon23.06.189428.05.1972
        7Prince Albert VictorPrince Albert VictorBrother08.01.186414.01.1892
        8Princess Victoria of the  United KingdomPrincess Victoria of the United KingdomSister06.07.186803.12.1935
        9Maud of WalesMaud of WalesSister26.11.186920.11.1938
        10Mary of TeckMary of TeckWife26.05.186724.03.1953
        11Prince LeopoldPrince LeopoldUncle07.04.185328.03.1884
        12Frederiks VIIIFrederiks VIIIUncle03.06.184314.05.1912
        13Артур Уильям Патрик, принц ВеликобританииАртур Уильям Патрик, принц ВеликобританииUncle01.05.185016.01.1942
        14Alfrēds Edinburgas, Olsteras un Kentas, Saksen- Koburgas  un Gotas HercogsAlfrēds Edinburgas, Olsteras un Kentas, Saksen- Koburgas un Gotas HercogsUncle06.09.184431.07.1900
        15Мария ФёдоровнаМария ФёдоровнаAunt26.11.184713.10.1928
        16Princess BeatricePrincess BeatriceAunt14.04.185726.10.1944
        17Елизавета ФёдоровнаЕлизавета ФёдоровнаAunt01.11.186418.07.1918
        18Princess Alice Of the United KingdomPrincess Alice Of the United KingdomAunt25.04.184314.12.1878
        19Victoria Princess RoyalVictoria Princess RoyalAunt21.11.184005.08.1901
        20Empress Alexandra  FeodorovnaEmpress Alexandra FeodorovnaAunt06.06.187217.07.1918
        21Принцесса ЛуизаПринцесса ЛуизаAunt18.03.184803.12.1939
        22Beatrice Mary Victoria  FeodoreBeatrice Mary Victoria FeodoreAunt14.04.185726.10.1944
        23Prince PhilipPrince PhilipNephew10.06.192109.04.2021
        24Elisabeth of  RomaniaElisabeth of RomaniaNephew12.10.189414.11.1956
        25Prince Vasili AlexandrovichPrince Vasili AlexandrovichNephew07.07.190724.06.1989
        26George BrasovGeorge BrasovNephew06.08.191021.07.1931
        27Князь Никита АлександровичКнязь Никита АлександровичNephew16.01.190012.09.1974
        28Князь Дмитрий АлександровичКнязь Дмитрий АлександровичNephew15.08.190107.07.1980
        29Ростислав АлександровичРостислав АлександровичNephew24.11.190231.07.1978
        30Князь Андрей АлександровичКнязь Андрей АлександровичNephew24.01.189708.05.1981
        31Тихон Куликовский-РомановТихон Куликовский-РомановNephew25.08.191708.04.1993
        32Гурий  КуликовскийГурий КуликовскийNephew23.04.191911.09.1984
        33Георг IIГеорг IINephew19.07.189001.04.1947
        34Irina Alexandrovna of RussiaIrina Alexandrovna of RussiaNiece03.07.189526.02.1970
        35Princess IrenePrincess IreneNiece13.02.190415.04.1974
        36Helen of Greece and DenmarkHelen of Greece and DenmarkNiece02.05.189628.11.1982
        37Maria of YugoslaviaMaria of YugoslaviaNiece06.01.190022.06.1961
        38Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFather in-law28.08.183721.01.1900
        39Princess Mary Adelaide of CambridgePrincess Mary Adelaide of CambridgeMother in-law27.11.183327.10.1897
        40Wallis SimpsonWallis SimpsonDaughter in-law19.06.189624.04.1986
        41Princess Marina  of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Marina of Greece and DenmarkDaughter in-law13.12.190627.08.1968
        42Alexander CambridgeAlexander CambridgeBrother in-law14.04.187416.01.1957
        43Haakon VIIHaakon VIIBrother in-law03.08.187221.09.1967
        44Christian IX DenmarkChristian IX DenmarkGrandfather08.04.181829.01.1906
        45Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and GothaPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and GothaGrandfather26.08.181914.12.1861
        46Louis IVLouis IVGrandfather12.09.183713.03.1892
        47Louise of  Hesse-KasselLouise of Hesse-KasselGrandmother07.09.181729.09.1898
        48Queen VictoriaQueen VictoriaGrandmother24.05.181922.01.1901
        49Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGrandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        50Frederick IX of DenmarkFrederick IX of DenmarkGrandson11.03.189914.01.1972
        51Princess Margaret, Countess of SnowdonPrincess Margaret, Countess of SnowdonGranddaughter21.08.193009.02.2002
        52Elizabeth IIElizabeth IIGranddaughter21.04.192608.09.2022
        53Maximilian IIMaximilian IIGreat grandfather28.11.181110.03.1864
        54Friedrich Wilhelm Paul Leopold Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg GlücksburgFriedrich Wilhelm Paul Leopold Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg GlücksburgGreat grandfather04.01.178517.02.1831
        55Карл ГессенскийКарл ГессенскийGreat grandfather23.04.180920.03.1877
        56Ernest IErnest IGreat grandfather02.01.178429.01.1844
        57Alexander IIAlexander IIGreat grandfather29.04.181813.03.1881
        58Елизавета ПрусскаяЕлизавета ПрусскаяGreat grandmother18.06.181521.03.1885
        59Maria  AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaGreat grandmother08.08.182403.06.1880
        60Мария Фридерика ПрусскаяМария Фридерика ПрусскаяGreat grandmother15.10.182517.05.1889
        Фёдор (Теодор) РомановGreat grandson30.11.197427.08.2007
        62Victoria  MelitaVictoria MelitaCousin25.11.187602.03.1936
        63Anastasia RomanovaAnastasia RomanovaCousin18.06.190117.07.1918
        64Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovCousin04.12.187813.06.1918
        65Sophia of PrussiaSophia of PrussiaCousin14.06.187013.01.1932
        66Wilhelm II Hohenzollern, KaiserWilhelm II Hohenzollern, KaiserCousin27.01.185904.06.1941
        67Татьяна РомановаТатьяна РомановаCousin10.06.189717.07.1918
        68Кира  РомановаКира РомановаCousin09.05.190908.09.1967
        69Виктория Гессен-ДармштадтскаяВиктория Гессен-ДармштадтскаяCousin05.04.186324.09.1950
        70Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаCousin13.06.188224.11.1960
        71Vladimir  RomanovVladimir RomanovCousin30.08.191721.04.1992
        72Ингеборга ДатскаяИнгеборга ДатскаяCousin02.08.187811.03.1958
        73Wilhelm  IIWilhelm IICousin27.01.185904.06.1941
        74Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаCousin06.04.187520.04.1960
        75Marie of RomaniaMarie of RomaniaCousin29.10.187518.07.1938
        76Alice von BattenbergAlice von BattenbergCousin25.02.188505.12.1969
        77Prince AlfredPrince AlfredCousin15.10.187406.02.1899
        78Princess AlicePrincess AliceCousin25.02.188303.01.1981
        79Ольга  НиколаевнаОльга НиколаевнаCousin15.11.189517.07.1918
        80Великая княжна Мария НиколаевнаВеликая княжна Мария НиколаевнаCousin26.06.189917.07.1918
        81Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsCousin19.05.186817.07.1918
        82Sophia of  PrussiaSophia of PrussiaCousin14.06.187013.01.1932
        83Княгиня Ксения  РомановаКнягиня Ксения Романоваdistant relative10.03.191922.10.2000
        84Maria BochkarevaMaria BochkarevaFamiliar00.07.188916.05.1920
        85Diana VreelandDiana VreelandFamiliar29.09.190322.08.1989
        86Альберт IАльберт IFamiliar08.04.187517.02.1934
        87Sir Oswald  MosleySir Oswald MosleyFamiliar16.11.189603.12.1980
        88Cynthia MosleyCynthia MosleyFamiliar23.08.189816.05.1933
        89Emily DavisonEmily DavisonOpponent11.10.187208.06.1913