Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg

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Elisabeth von Sachsen-Altenburg, Елизавета Маврикиевна, Princess Elisabeth Auguste Marie Agnes of Saxe-Altenburg, Elizaveta Mavrikievna
Aristocrat, Princess
Leipzig, Peace Park

Elizaveta Mavrikievna (Russian: Елизавета Маврикевна; born Princess Elisabeth Auguste Marie Agnes of Saxe-Altenburg, 25 January 1865 in Meiningen, Germany – 24 March 1927, Leipzig, Germany), was a Russian Grand Duchess by marriage. She was the wife of Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia (1858–1915), whom she married in 1884 in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Family and early life

Princess Elisabeth, as she was usually known, was the second child of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg (1829–1907) and his wife, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen (1843–1919). During her youth she made several trips around Europe visiting her relatives.

Marriage and issue

In 1882, when she was sixteen, she met her second cousin, Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia in Altenburg. His mother and her father were first cousins; in addition to that, they shared Emperor Pavel I as a common ancestor. There was immediately some talk of marriage. However, although she said she was ready to marry Konstantin, he hesitated, although he was by then 24 years old. When she left, he promised to often write, but he never did, as he was tremendously shy. Nevertheless, he did write several poems about her. In 1884, she visited Russia and the wedding was announced, although she manifested her wish to keep her Lutheran faith, which was a serious blow for her future husband, since he believed firmly in the Russian Orthodox Church. Even worse was the fact that she refused to kiss the cross held in Orthodox services.

On the wedding day, which took place on 27 April 1884, she wrote to him a reassuring letter, saying that "I promise you that I will never do anything to anger nor hurt you through our divided religions... I can only tell you again, how very much I love you.

The marriage was a success, although Grand Duke Konstantin secretly kept male lovers. Konstantin and Elizaveta had nine children:

  • Prince Ioann (1886–1918)
  • Prince Gavriil (1887–1955)
  • Princess Tatiana (1890–1979)
  • Prince Konstantin (1891–1918)
  • Prince Oleg (1892–1914)
  • Prince Igor (1894–1918)
  • Prince Georgy (1903–1938)
  • Princess Natalia (died at exactly two months, 1905)
  • Princess Vera (1906–2001)

Later life

Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna, or "Mavra" as she was known within the Romanov family, was a popular figure, and got on quite well with her nephew, Tsar Nicholas II.

She outlived most of her children. In 1905 her daughter Natalia died aged exactly two months. When World War I broke out, she found herself fighting on the opposite side of her native Germany. However, several of her sons, who were trained soldiers, joined the army and fought bravely. One, her son Oleg, was killed in 1914 in Lithuania, where Elizaveta quickly went to see her dying son.

The untimely death of their son led her husband to an early grave in 1915. That same year her son-in-law (Princess Tatiana's husband) was also killed in action. After the revolution, she managed to escape Russia, but several of her sons were caught by the Soviet forces. In fact, three (Ioann, Konstantin and Igor) were shot together by Bolsheviks in Alapaievsk, Siberia, in July 1918 along with several other members of the family. Her brother-in-law, Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich was shot in Petrograd the following year.

K.R.'s wife, two youngest children, Prince George and Princess Vera, and two grandchildren (Ioann's children: Vsevolod and Catherine) remained at Pavlovsk throughout the war, the chaotic rule of the Provisional Government, and after the October Revolution. In the fall of 1918, they were permitted by the Bolsheviks to moved by boat called Ångermanland to Sweden (via Tallinn to Helsinki and via Mariehamnin to Stockholm), at the invitation of the Swedish queen. In Stockholm harbor they met prince Gustaf Adolf who took them to the royal palace. Later, Vsevolod and Catherine were able to reunite with their mother.

Elizaveta Mavrikievna and Vera and Georgi lived for the next two years in Sweden first in Stockholm then in Saltsjöbaden, but Sweden was too expensive a place to live so they moved to Belgium by invitation of Albert I of Belgium. Later they moved to Germany, settling in Altenburg where they lived 30 years except they lived couple of years in England. Elizaveta died of cancer on the 24th of March 1927 in Leipzig. Prince Georgi died in New York City in 1938. Princess Vera lived at Germany until Soviet forces occupied the east part of the country, she fled to Hamburg and in 1951 she moved to United States and died there in 2001, in New York City.

A scarab brooch given to the Princess by her husband in 1891 was auctioned by Sotheby's in 2012.

Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Мориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийМориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийFather24.10.182913.05.1907
        2Georgy  KonstantinovichGeorgy KonstantinovichSon23.04.190307.11.1938
        3Igor  ConstantinovichIgor ConstantinovichSon29.05.189418.07.1918
        4Oleg  KonstantinovichOleg KonstantinovichSon15.11.189229.09.1914
        5Gabriel RomanovGabriel RomanovSon15.07.188728.02.1955
        6Prince Ioann  Konstantinovich of RussiaPrince Ioann Konstantinovich of RussiaSon05.07.188618.07.1918
        7Вера КонстантиновнаВера КонстантиновнаDaughter24.04.190611.01.2001
        8Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичHusband10.08.185802.06.1915
        9Nicholas I of RussiaNicholas I of RussiaFather in-law06.07.179618.02.1855
        10Александра ИосифовнаАлександра ИосифовнаMother in-law08.07.183006.07.1911
        11Jelena KarađorđevićJelena KarađorđevićSon in-law04.11.188416.10.1962
        12Нина НестеровскаяНина НестеровскаяDaughter in-law14.03.189007.03.1950
        13Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaSister in-law03.09.185118.06.1926
        14Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaSister in-law11.09.182230.10.1892
        15Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaSister in-law18.08.181921.02.1876
        16Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановBrother in-law01.06.186030.01.1919
        17Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichBrother in-law21.09.182725.01.1892
        18Alexander IIAlexander IIBrother in-law29.04.181813.03.1881
        19Михаил НиколаевичМихаил НиколаевичBrother in-law25.10.183218.12.1909
        20Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийBrother in-law27.07.183113.04.1891
        21Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичBrother in-law14.02.185027.01.1918
        22Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsGrandson19.05.186817.07.1918
        23Кирилл ВладимировичКирилл ВладимировичGrandson12.10.187612.10.1938
        24Всеволод  РомановВсеволод РомановGrandson20.01.191418.06.1973
        25Andrei  VladimirovichAndrei VladimirovichGrandson02.05.187930.10.1956
        26Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovGrandson04.12.187813.06.1918
        27Boris  Wladimirowitsch RomanowBoris Wladimirowitsch RomanowGrandson24.11.187709.11.1943
        28Vladimir  PaleyVladimir PaleyGrandson09.01.189718.07.1918
        29Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаGranddaughter06.04.187520.04.1960
        30Princess Catherine IvanovnaPrincess Catherine IvanovnaGranddaughter25.07.191513.03.2007
        31Grand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGrand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGranddaughter17.03.188213.03.1957
        32Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаGranddaughter13.06.188224.11.1960
        33Natalia PaleyNatalia PaleyGranddaughter05.12.190527.12.1981
        34Grand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGrand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGranddaughter18.04.189013.12.1958
        35Frederick  LouisFrederick LouisGreat grandfather13.06.177829.11.1819
        36Елена  ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаGreat grandmother17.12.178424.09.1803
        37Ростислав АлександровичРостислав АлександровичGreat grandson24.11.190231.07.1978
        38Князь Дмитрий АлександровичКнязь Дмитрий АлександровичGreat grandson15.08.190107.07.1980
        39Дмитрий  РомановДмитрий РомановGreat grandson17.05.192631.12.2016
        40Тихон Куликовский-РомановТихон Куликовский-РомановGreat grandson25.08.191708.04.1993
        41Гурий  КуликовскийГурий КуликовскийGreat grandson23.04.191911.09.1984
        42Vladimir  RomanovVladimir RomanovGreat grandson30.08.191721.04.1992
        43Князь Никита АлександровичКнязь Никита АлександровичGreat grandson16.01.190012.09.1974
        44Князь Андрей АлександровичКнязь Андрей АлександровичGreat grandson24.01.189708.05.1981
        45Prince Vasili AlexandrovichPrince Vasili AlexandrovichGreat grandson07.07.190724.06.1989
        46Edward  VIIIEdward VIIIGreat grandson23.06.189428.05.1972
        47Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGreat grandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        48Prince George Duke of KentPrince George Duke of KentGreat grandson20.12.190225.08.1942
        49George VIGeorge VIGreat grandson14.12.189506.02.1952
        50George BrasovGeorge BrasovGreat grandson06.08.191021.07.1931
        51Великая княжна Мария НиколаевнаВеликая княжна Мария НиколаевнаGreat granddaughter26.06.189917.07.1918
        52Irina Alexandrovna of RussiaIrina Alexandrovna of RussiaGreat granddaughter03.07.189526.02.1970
        53Anastasia RomanovaAnastasia RomanovaGreat granddaughter18.06.190117.07.1918
        54Ольга  НиколаевнаОльга НиколаевнаGreat granddaughter15.11.189517.07.1918
        55Princess Marina  of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Marina of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter13.12.190627.08.1968
        56Princess Elizabeth of  Greece and DenmarkPrincess Elizabeth of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter24.05.190411.01.1955
        57Татьяна РомановаТатьяна РомановаGreat granddaughter10.06.189717.07.1918
        58Кира  РомановаКира РомановаGreat granddaughter09.05.190908.09.1967
        59Пётр I КарагеоргиевичПётр I Карагеоргиевичdistant relative29.06.184416.08.1921

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