Nicholas I of Russia

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Mikołaj I Romanow, Николай I Павлович Романов, Николай I, Nikolajs I, Nokolajs Pavlovičs Romanovs, Николай Павлович Романов
Emperor, Knyaz (Prince, Duke), Tsar (emperor)
Grand Ducal Burial Vault

Nicholas I (Николай I Павлович, r Nikolai I Pavlovich; 6 July [O.S. 25 June] 1796 – 2 March [O.S. 18 February] 1855) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland. He is best known as a political conservative whose reign was marked by geographical expansion, repression of dissent, economic stagnation, poor administrative policies, a corrupt bureaucracy, and frequent wars that culminated in Russia's disastrous defeat in the Crimean War of 1853-56. His biographer Nicholas V. Riasanovsky says that Nicholas displayed determination, singleness of purpose, and an iron will, along with a powerful sense of duty and a dedication to very hard work. He saw himself as a soldier – a junior officer totally consumed by spit and polish. A handsome man, he was highly nervous and aggressive. Trained as an engineer, he was a stickler for minute detail. His reign had an ideology called "Official Nationality" that was proclaimed officially in 1833. It was a reactionary policy based on orthodoxy in religion, autocracy in government, and Russian nationalism.

He was the younger brother of his predecessor, Alexander I. Nicholas inherited his brother's throne despite the failed Decembrist revolt against him and went on to become the most reactionary of all Russian leaders. His aggressive foreign policy involved many expensive wars, having a disastrous effect on the empire's finances.

He was successful against Russia's neighbouring southern rivals as he seized the last territories in the Caucasus held by Persia (comprising modern day Armenia and Azerbaijan) by successfully ending the Russo-Persian War (1826–28). By now, Russia had gained what is now Dagestan, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia from Persia, and had therefore at last gained the clear upper hand in the Caucasus, both geo-politically as well as territorially. He ended the Russo-Turkish War (1828–29) successfully as well. Later on, however, he led Russia into the Crimean War (1853–56) with disastrous results. Historians emphasize that his micromanagement of the armies hindered his generals, as did his misguided strategy. Fuller notes that historians have frequently concluded that "the reign of Nicholas I was a catastrophic failure in both domestic and foreign policy." On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its geographical zenith, spanning over 20 million square kilometers (7.7 million square miles), but in desperate need of reform.

Source: wikipedia.org, regiment.ru

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1князь Николай  Романовкнязь Николай РомановDescendant00.00.192215.09.2014
        2Княгиня Ксения  РомановаКнягиня Ксения РомановаDescendant10.03.191922.10.2000
        3Paul IPaul IFather01.10.175423.03.1801
        4Frederick IX of DenmarkFrederick IX of DenmarkDescendant11.03.189914.01.1972
        5Дмитрий  РомановДмитрий РомановDescendant17.05.192631.12.2016
        6Maria FeodorovnaMaria FeodorovnaMother14.10.175924.10.1828
        7Alexander IIAlexander IISon29.04.181813.03.1881
        8Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийSon27.07.183113.04.1891
        9Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichSon21.09.182725.01.1892
        10Михаил НиколаевичМихаил НиколаевичSon25.10.183218.12.1909
        11Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaDaughter11.09.182230.10.1892
        12Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaDaughter18.08.181921.02.1876
        13Alexander I of RussiaAlexander I of RussiaBrother12.12.177719.11.1825
        14Михаил ПавловичМихаил ПавловичBrother08.02.179828.08.1849
        15Константин ПавловичКонстантин ПавловичBrother27.04.177915.06.1831
        16Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaSister04.02.178611.06.1859
        17Елена  ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаSister17.12.178424.09.1803
        18Екатерина ПавловнаЕкатерина ПавловнаSister10.05.178809.01.1819
        19Anna PavlovnaAnna PavlovnaSister18.01.179501.03.1865
        20Александра ФёдоровнаАлександра ФёдоровнаWife13.07.179801.11.1860
        21Louis Württemberg, DukeLouis Württemberg, DukeUncle30.08.175620.09.1817
        Anna PiotrownaAunt20.12.175716.03.1759
        23Gustaw EhrenbergGustaw EhrenbergNephew14.02.181828.09.1895
        24William IIIWilliam IIINephew19.02.181723.11.1890
        Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick AugustNephew25.09.180510.04.1806
        26Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeNephew28.08.183721.01.1900
        27Duke Peter  Georgievich of OldenburgDuke Peter Georgievich of OldenburgNephew26.08.181214.05.1881
        28Karl Alexander August JohannKarl Alexander August JohannNephew24.06.181805.01.1901
        29Marie Luise Augusta KatharineMarie Luise Augusta KatharineNiece30.09.181107.01.1890
        30Marie Luise AlexandrineMarie Luise AlexandrineNiece03.02.180818.01.1877
        31Sophie Of the NetherlandsSophie Of the NetherlandsNiece08.04.182423.03.1897
        32Екатерина МихайловнаЕкатерина МихайловнаNiece16.08.182730.04.1894
        33Maximilian de  BeauharnaisMaximilian de BeauharnaisSon in-law02.10.181701.11.1852
        34Duchess Alexandra  Petrovna of OldenburgDuchess Alexandra Petrovna of OldenburgDaughter in-law02.06.183825.04.1900
        35Catherine  DolgorukovCatherine DolgorukovDaughter in-law14.11.184715.02.1922
        36Elisabeth  of Saxe-AltenburgElisabeth of Saxe-AltenburgDaughter in-law25.01.186524.03.1927
        37Александра ИосифовнаАлександра ИосифовнаDaughter in-law08.07.183006.07.1911
        38Maria  AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaDaughter in-law08.08.182403.06.1880
        39Olga  FeodorovnaOlga FeodorovnaDaughter in-law20.09.183912.04.1891
        40Елена ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаSister in-law28.12.180621.01.1873
        41Виллем IIВиллем IIBrother in-law06.12.179217.03.1849
        42Frederick  LouisFrederick LouisBrother in-law13.06.177829.11.1819
        43Charles FrederickCharles FrederickBrother in-law02.02.178308.07.1853
        44Георгий Петрович ОльденбургскийГеоргий Петрович ОльденбургскийBrother in-law00.00.178400.00.1812
        45Elizabeth  AlexeievnaElizabeth AlexeievnaBrother in-law24.01.177916.05.1826
        46Stanisław PoniatowskiStanisław PoniatowskiGrandfather17.01.173212.02.1798
        47Peter IIIPeter IIIGrandfather21.02.172817.07.1762
        48Frederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeFrederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeGrandfather21.01.173223.12.1797
        49Catherine the  GreatCatherine the GreatGrandmother02.05.172917.11.1796
        50князь Георгий Максимилианович Романовскийкнязь Георгий Максимилианович РомановскийGrandson29.02.185203.05.1912
        51Сергей АлександровичСергей АлександровичGrandson11.05.185717.02.1905
        52Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичGrandson10.08.185802.06.1915
        53Алексей МихайловичАлексей МихайловичGrandson28.12.187502.03.1895
        54Сергей  РомановСергей РомановGrandson11.05.185717.02.1905
        55Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановGrandson01.06.186030.01.1919
        56Igor  ConstantinovichIgor ConstantinovichGrandson29.05.189418.07.1918
        57Oleg  KonstantinovichOleg KonstantinovichGrandson15.11.189229.09.1914
        58Grand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrandson13.04.186626.02.1933
        59Georgy  KonstantinovichGeorgy KonstantinovichGrandson23.04.190307.11.1938
        60Сергей МихайловичСергей МихайловичGrandson25.09.186918.07.1918
        61Gabriel RomanovGabriel RomanovGrandson15.07.188728.02.1955
        62Великий князь Сергей МихайловичВеликий князь Сергей МихайловичGrandson07.10.186918.07.1918
        63Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичGrandson14.02.185027.01.1918
        64Prince Ioann  Konstantinovich of RussiaPrince Ioann Konstantinovich of RussiaGrandson05.07.188618.07.1918
        65Принц Николай ПетровичПринц Николай ПетровичGrandson09.05.184020.01.1886
        66Михаил Михайлович, Великий князьМихаил Михайлович, Великий князьGrandson16.10.186126.04.1929
        67Grand Duke Nicholas  Nikolaevich of RussiaGrand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of RussiaGrandson18.11.185605.01.1929
        68Alexander IIIAlexander IIIGrandson10.03.184501.11.1894
        69Владимир АлександровичВладимир АлександровичGrandson10.04.184704.02.1909
        70Евгений Лейхтенбергский РомановскийЕвгений Лейхтенбергский РомановскийGrandson27.01.184718.08.1901
        71Великий князь Пётр НиколаевичВеликий князь Пётр НиколаевичGrandson10.01.186417.06.1931
        72Paul  AlexandrovichPaul AlexandrovichGrandson03.10.186030.01.1919
        73Великий Князь Георгий МихайловичВеликий Князь Георгий МихайловичGrandson23.08.186330.01.1919
        74Nicholas  MikhailovichNicholas MikhailovichGrandson14.04.185930.01.1919
        75Анастасия МихайловнаАнастасия МихайловнаGranddaughter28.07.186011.03.1922
        76Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaGranddaughter03.09.185118.06.1926
        77Maria AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaGranddaughter17.10.185324.10.1920
        78Вера КонстантиновнаВера КонстантиновнаGranddaughter24.04.190611.01.2001
        79Карл Фридрих Гольштейн-ГотторпскийКарл Фридрих Гольштейн-ГотторпскийGreat grandfather
        80Анна ПетровнаАнна ПетровнаGreat grandmother27.01.170804.03.1728
        81Andrei  VladimirovichAndrei VladimirovichGreat grandson02.05.187930.10.1956
        82George VIGeorge VIGreat grandson14.12.189506.02.1952
        83Boris  Wladimirowitsch RomanowBoris Wladimirowitsch RomanowGreat grandson24.11.187709.11.1943
        84Dmitri  PavlovichDmitri PavlovichGreat grandson06.09.189105.03.1942
        85Vladimir  PaleyVladimir PaleyGreat grandson09.01.189718.07.1918
        86Кирилл ВладимировичКирилл ВладимировичGreat grandson12.10.187612.10.1938
        87Князь Роман ПетровичКнязь Роман ПетровичGreat grandson17.10.189623.10.1978
        88Prince AlfredPrince AlfredGreat grandson15.10.187406.02.1899
        89Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsGreat grandson19.05.186817.07.1918
        90Дарья  БогарнэДарья БогарнэGreat grandson07.03.187005.11.1937
        91Prince Andrew of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Andrew of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson02.02.188203.12.1944
        92Constantine I of GreeceConstantine I of GreeceGreat grandson02.08.186811.01.1923
        93Edward  VIIIEdward VIIIGreat grandson23.06.189428.05.1972
        94Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGreat grandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        95Князь Андрей АлександровичКнязь Андрей АлександровичGreat grandson24.01.189708.05.1981
        96Георг IIГеорг IIGreat grandson19.07.189001.04.1947
        97Князь Никита АлександровичКнязь Никита АлександровичGreat grandson16.01.190012.09.1974
        98Ростислав АлександровичРостислав АлександровичGreat grandson24.11.190231.07.1978
        99Александр ИскандерАлександр ИскандерGreat grandson15.11.188726.01.1957
        100Prince Christopher  of Greece and DenmarkPrince Christopher of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson10.08.188821.01.1940
        101Всеволод  РомановВсеволод РомановGreat grandson20.01.191418.06.1973
        102Prince Nicholas of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Nicholas of Greece and DenmarkGreat grandson22.01.187208.02.1938
        103Prince Vasili AlexandrovichPrince Vasili AlexandrovichGreat grandson07.07.190724.06.1989
        104Georg von MerenbergGeorg von MerenbergGreat grandson16.10.189711.01.1965
        105Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovGreat grandson04.12.187813.06.1918
        106Князь Дмитрий АлександровичКнязь Дмитрий АлександровичGreat grandson15.08.190107.07.1980
        107Princess Maria of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Maria of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter03.03.187614.12.1940
        108Princess Nina GeorgievnaPrincess Nina GeorgievnaGreat granddaughter20.06.190127.02.1974
        109Princess Xenia  Georgievna of RussiaPrincess Xenia Georgievna of RussiaGreat granddaughter22.08.190317.09.1965
        110Natālija AndrosovaNatālija AndrosovaGreat granddaughter23.02.191725.07.1999
        111Марина  РомановаМарина РомановаGreat granddaughter11.03.189215.05.1981
        112Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаGreat granddaughter13.06.188224.11.1960
        113Grand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGrand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGreat granddaughter17.03.188213.03.1957
        114Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаGreat granddaughter06.04.187520.04.1960
        115Marie of RomaniaMarie of RomaniaGreat granddaughter29.10.187518.07.1938
        116Alexandrine  of Mecklenburg-SchwerinAlexandrine of Mecklenburg-SchwerinGreat granddaughter24.12.187912.12.1952
        117Nadejda MountbattenNadejda MountbattenGreat granddaughter28.03.189622.01.1963
        118Princess Catherine IvanovnaPrincess Catherine IvanovnaGreat granddaughter25.07.191513.03.2007
        119Елизавета ФёдоровнаЕлизавета ФёдоровнаGreat granddaughter01.11.186418.07.1918
        120Natalia PaleyNatalia PaleyGreat granddaughter05.12.190527.12.1981
        121Grand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGrand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGreat granddaughter18.04.189013.12.1958
        122Alexandra  GeorgievnaAlexandra GeorgievnaGreat granddaughter30.08.187024.09.1891
        123Anastasia de TorbyAnastasia de TorbyGreat granddaughter09.09.189207.12.1977
        124Helen of Greece and DenmarkHelen of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter02.05.189628.11.1982
        125Empress Alexandra  FeodorovnaEmpress Alexandra FeodorovnaGreat granddaughter06.06.187217.07.1918
        126Надежда  РомановаНадежда РомановаGreat granddaughter15.03.189821.04.1988
        127Cecilie  Mecklenburg Schwerin, DuchessCecilie Mecklenburg Schwerin, DuchessGreat granddaughter20.09.188606.05.1954
        128Irina Alexandrovna of RussiaIrina Alexandrovna of RussiaGreat granddaughter03.07.189526.02.1970
        129Alexander  Württemberg, DukeAlexander Württemberg, DukeCousin09.09.180404.07.1885
        130Duchess Maria DorotheaDuchess Maria DorotheaCousin01.11.179730.03.1855
        131Elisabeth of  WiedElisabeth of Wieddistant relative29.12.184302.03.1916
        132Charlotte von LievenCharlotte von LievenFriend, Employee27.06.174224.02.1828
        133Nikolay Muravyov-AmurskyNikolay Muravyov-AmurskyFamiliar11.08.180918.11.1881
        134Fyodor  TyutchevFyodor TyutchevFamiliar, Idea mate05.12.180327.07.1873
        135Morics fon JakobiMorics fon JakobiEmployee21.09.180110.03.1874
        136Alexander GorchakovAlexander GorchakovEmployee04.06.179827.02.1883
        137Лев  ПеровскийЛев ПеровскийEmployee20.09.179221.11.1856
        138Gustavs Matiass  fon der Venge-LambsdorfsGustavs Matiass fon der Venge-LambsdorfsTeacher10.11.174504.04.1828
        139Василий  ПеровскийВасилий ПеровскийSoldier20.02.179520.12.1857

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