Paul Alexandrovich

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Extra names:
Pawel Romanow, Павел Александрович, Paul Alexandrovitch
Aristocrat, General, Knyaz (Prince, Duke), Victim of repression (genocide) of the Soviet regime
Grand Ducal Burial Vault

Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia (Павел Александрович) ( 3 October 1860 N.S. – 30 January 1919 N.S.) was the sixth son and youngest child of Tsar Alexander II of Russia by his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna. His birth was commemorated by the naming of the city of Pavlodar in Kazakhstan. He entered the Russian Army and rose to the rank of General, but was known as a gentle person, religious and accessible to people.

First marriage

On 17 June 1889, in St. Petersburg, he married his paternal first cousin once removed Princess Alexandra of Greece, who bore him two children:

  • Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1890–1958)
  • Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia (1891–1942)

Alexandra's mother Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia was a patrilineal-line granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I and Princess Charlotte of Prussia, and therefore Paul Alexandrovich's paternal first cousin.

Alexandra died just six days after Dmitri's birth. She had carelessly stepped into a waiting boat, causing premature labour; Dmitri was born in the hours following the accident. Alexandra slipped into a coma and did not regain consciousness.

Second marriage

In 1893, the young widower became close to a commoner, Olga Valerianovna Karnovich, and years later requested Nicholas II's permission to marry her, but it was refused, and the couple settled in Paris. On 10 October 1902 they were married in an Orthodox church in Livorno, Italy. The Bavarian government granted Olga the title of Countess of Hohenfelsen in 1904, but the marriage caused a scandal in the Russian Court. Paul was dismissed of his military commissions, all his properties were seized, and his brother Grand Duke Sergei was appointed guardian of Maria and Dmitri.

For many years, he lived in exile in France with Olga and the three children they had: Vladimir, who became a remarkable poet, and two girls, Irina and Natalia. Eventually he was pardoned and settled with his family in Tsarskoe Selo. In 1915 the Tsar granted Olga and their children the title of Prince and Princesses Paley with the style of Serene Highness, and their children also became Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and Princesses Irina Pavlovna and Natalia Pavlovna Paley.

World War I

During World War I he was placed in command of the First Corps of the Imperial Guard and later was moved to a new appointment at the Tsar's headquarters. In November 1916 he tried to convince the sovereign to grant a Constitution, but his efforts failed. However, he was one of the few members of the Imperial Family who remained quite close to Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna during the final days of the old régime.

Revolution and death

After the Bolsheviks seized power, he and his family faced a terrible ordeal. Their properties were confiscated, they lived under constant harassment, and in March 1918 his son Vladimir Paley was exiled to the Urals, where he was executed on 18 July 1918 in a mineshaft near Alapayevsk.

In August 1918, he was arrested and taken to prison in St. Petersburg. His health, already bad, declined sharply, and his wife did all she could to have him released. Her efforts were useless: on 29 January 1919, Paul was moved to St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress, and in the first hours of the following day he was shot there, along with his cousins Grand Dukes Dimitry Konstantinovich, Nikolay Mikhailovich and Georgy Mikhailovich.

They were buried in a mass grave in the Fortress, the Bolsheviks having refused the distraught Princess Paley the right to bury her husband. His body and those of his three cousins were found in 2011.


Source: wikipedia.org


        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Alexander IIAlexander IIFather29.04.181813.03.1881
        2Maria  AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaMother08.08.182403.06.1880
        3Dmitri  PavlovichDmitri PavlovichSon06.09.189105.03.1942
        4Vladimir  PaleyVladimir PaleySon09.01.189718.07.1918
        5Natalia PaleyNatalia PaleyDaughter05.12.190527.12.1981
        6Grand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGrand Duchess Maria PavlovnaDaughter18.04.189013.12.1958
        7Сергей АлександровичСергей АлександровичBrother11.05.185717.02.1905
        8Сергей  РомановСергей РомановBrother11.05.185717.02.1905
        9Alexander IIIAlexander IIIBrother10.03.184501.11.1894
        10Владимир АлександровичВладимир АлександровичBrother10.04.184704.02.1909
        11Maria AlexandrovnaMaria AlexandrovnaSister17.10.185324.10.1920
        12Olga  PaleyOlga PaleyWife02.12.186502.11.1929
        13Alexandra  GeorgievnaAlexandra GeorgievnaWife, Cousin30.08.187024.09.1891
        Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick AugustUncle25.09.180510.04.1806
        15Louis IIILouis IIIUncle09.06.180613.06.1877
        16Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeUncle28.08.183721.01.1900
        17Карл ГессенскийКарл ГессенскийUncle23.04.180920.03.1877
        18Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichUncle21.09.182725.01.1892
        19Karl Alexander August JohannKarl Alexander August JohannUncle24.06.181805.01.1901
        20William IIIWilliam IIIUncle19.02.181723.11.1890
        21Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичUncle10.08.185802.06.1915
        22Михаил НиколаевичМихаил НиколаевичUncle25.10.183218.12.1909
        23Duke Peter  Georgievich of OldenburgDuke Peter Georgievich of OldenburgUncle26.08.181214.05.1881
        24Marie Luise Augusta KatharineMarie Luise Augusta KatharineAunt30.09.181107.01.1890
        25Marie Luise AlexandrineMarie Luise AlexandrineAunt03.02.180818.01.1877
        26Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaAunt11.09.182230.10.1892
        27Екатерина МихайловнаЕкатерина МихайловнаAunt16.08.182730.04.1894
        28Кирилл ВладимировичКирилл ВладимировичNephew12.10.187612.10.1938
        29Prince AlfredPrince AlfredNephew15.10.187406.02.1899
        30Boris  Wladimirowitsch RomanowBoris Wladimirowitsch RomanowNephew24.11.187709.11.1943
        31Всеволод  РомановВсеволод РомановNephew20.01.191418.06.1973
        32Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsNephew19.05.186817.07.1918
        33Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovNephew04.12.187813.06.1918
        34Петр  ОльденбургскийПетр ОльденбургскийNephew21.11.186811.03.1924
        35Andrei  VladimirovichAndrei VladimirovichNephew02.05.187930.10.1956
        36Victoria of BadenVictoria of BadenNiece07.08.186204.04.1930
        37Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаNiece06.04.187520.04.1960
        38Marie of RomaniaMarie of RomaniaNiece29.10.187518.07.1938
        39Princess Catherine IvanovnaPrincess Catherine IvanovnaNiece25.07.191513.03.2007
        40Grand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGrand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaNiece17.03.188213.03.1957
        41Empress Alexandra  FeodorovnaEmpress Alexandra FeodorovnaNiece06.06.187217.07.1918
        42Victoria  MelitaVictoria MelitaNiece25.11.187602.03.1936
        43Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаNiece13.06.188224.11.1960
        44George IGeorge IFather in-law24.12.184518.03.1913
        Sergei PutyatinSon in-law00.00.189300.00.1966
        46Carl Wilhelm  LudvigCarl Wilhelm LudvigSon in-law17.06.188405.06.1965
        47Сергей   ПутятинСергей ПутятинSon in-law19.12.189326.02.1966
        48Елизавета ФёдоровнаЕлизавета ФёдоровнаSister in-law01.11.186418.07.1918
        49Мария ФёдоровнаМария ФёдоровнаSister in-law26.11.184713.10.1928
        50Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaSister in-law14.05.185406.09.1920
        51Alfrēds Edinburgas, Olsteras un Kentas, Saksen- Koburgas  un Gotas HercogsAlfrēds Edinburgas, Olsteras un Kentas, Saksen- Koburgas un Gotas HercogsBrother in-law06.09.184431.07.1900
        52Людвиг II Гессен-Дармштадтский и ПрирейнскийЛюдвиг II Гессен-Дармштадтский и ПрирейнскийGrandfather26.12.177716.06.1848
        53Alexander  Württemberg, DukeAlexander Württemberg, DukeGrandfather09.09.180404.07.1885
        54Charles FrederickCharles FrederickGrandfather02.02.178308.07.1853
        55Louis II Hesse, Grand DukeLouis II Hesse, Grand DukeGrandfather26.12.177716.06.1848
        56Nicholas I of RussiaNicholas I of RussiaGrandfather06.07.179618.02.1855
        57Wilhelmine   Baden, PrincessWilhelmine Baden, PrincessGrandmother21.09.178827.01.1836
        58Александра ИосифовнаАлександра ИосифовнаGrandmother08.07.183006.07.1911
        59Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaGrandmother04.02.178611.06.1859
        60Александра ФёдоровнаАлександра ФёдоровнаGrandmother13.07.179801.11.1860
        61Lennart  BernadotteLennart BernadotteGrandson08.05.190921.12.2004
        62Anastasia RomanovaAnastasia RomanovaGranddaughter18.06.190117.07.1918
        63Михаил ПавловичМихаил ПавловичGreat grandfather08.02.179828.08.1849
        64Louis Württemberg, DukeLouis Württemberg, DukeGreat grandfather30.08.175620.09.1817
        65Paul IPaul IGreat grandfather01.10.175423.03.1801
        66Георгий Петрович ОльденбургскийГеоргий Петрович ОльденбургскийGreat grandfather00.00.178400.00.1812
        67Maria FeodorovnaMaria FeodorovnaGreat grandmother14.10.175924.10.1828
        68Екатерина ПавловнаЕкатерина ПавловнаGreat grandmother10.05.178809.01.1819
        69Елена ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаGreat grandmother28.12.180621.01.1873
        70Henriette  Nassau-Weilburg, PrincessHenriette Nassau-Weilburg, PrincessGreat grandmother22.04.178002.01.1857
        71Prince George Duke of KentPrince George Duke of KentGreat grandson20.12.190225.08.1942
        72Edward  VIIIEdward VIIIGreat grandson23.06.189428.05.1972
        73George VIGeorge VIGreat grandson14.12.189506.02.1952
        74Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGreat grandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        75Мориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийМориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийCousin24.10.182913.05.1907
        76Вера КонстантиновнаВера КонстантиновнаCousin24.04.190611.01.2001
        77Oleg  KonstantinovichOleg KonstantinovichCousin15.11.189229.09.1914
        78Prince Ioann  Konstantinovich of RussiaPrince Ioann Konstantinovich of RussiaCousin05.07.188618.07.1918
        79Анастасия МихайловнаАнастасия МихайловнаCousin28.07.186011.03.1922
        80Duchess Alexandra  Petrovna of OldenburgDuchess Alexandra Petrovna of OldenburgCousin02.06.183825.04.1900
        81Принц Александр  ОльденбургскийПринц Александр ОльденбургскийCousin02.06.184406.09.1932
        82Mary of TeckMary of TeckCousin26.05.186724.03.1953
        83Александр ИскандерАлександр ИскандерCousin15.11.188726.01.1957
        84Тереза ОльденбургскаяТереза ОльденбургскаяCousin30.03.185219.04.1883
        85Великий князь Сергей МихайловичВеликий князь Сергей МихайловичCousin07.10.186918.07.1918
        86Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaCousin18.08.181921.02.1876
        87Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичCousin14.02.185027.01.1918
        88Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановCousin01.06.186030.01.1919
        89Prince Nicholas of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Nicholas of Greece and DenmarkCousin22.01.187208.02.1938
        90Alexander CambridgeAlexander CambridgeCousin14.04.187416.01.1957
        91Prince Christopher  of Greece and DenmarkPrince Christopher of Greece and DenmarkCousin10.08.188821.01.1940
        92Nicholas  MikhailovichNicholas MikhailovichCousin14.04.185930.01.1919
        93Михаил Михайлович, Великий князьМихаил Михайлович, Великий князьCousin16.10.186126.04.1929
        94Георгий Мекленбург-СтрелицкийГеоргий Мекленбург-СтрелицкийCousin25.05.185905.12.1909
        95Princess Maria of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Maria of Greece and DenmarkCousin03.03.187614.12.1940
        96Grand Duke Nicholas  Nikolaevich of RussiaGrand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of RussiaCousin18.11.185605.01.1929
        97Великий князь Пётр НиколаевичВеликий князь Пётр НиколаевичCousin10.01.186417.06.1931
        98Карл Шведский, герцог ВестергётландскийКарл Шведский, герцог ВестергётландскийCousin27.02.186124.10.1951
        99Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийCousin27.07.183113.04.1891
        100Georgy  KonstantinovichGeorgy KonstantinovichCousin23.04.190307.11.1938
        101Grand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrand Duke Alexander MikhailovichCousin13.04.186626.02.1933
        102Igor  ConstantinovichIgor ConstantinovichCousin29.05.189418.07.1918
        103Louis IVLouis IVCousin12.09.183713.03.1892
        104Princess LouisePrincess LouiseCousin03.12.183823.04.1923
        105Gabriel RomanovGabriel RomanovCousin15.07.188728.02.1955
        106Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaCousin03.09.185118.06.1926
        107Constantine I of GreeceConstantine I of GreeceCousin02.08.186811.01.1923
        108князь Георгий Максимилианович Романовскийкнязь Георгий Максимилианович РомановскийCousin29.02.185203.05.1912
        109Алексей МихайловичАлексей МихайловичCousin28.12.187502.03.1895
        110Prince Andrew of  Greece and DenmarkPrince Andrew of Greece and DenmarkCousin02.02.188203.12.1944
        111Duke Constantine  Petrovich of OldenburgDuke Constantine Petrovich of OldenburgCousin09.05.185018.03.1906
        112Принц Николай ПетровичПринц Николай ПетровичCousin09.05.184020.01.1886
        113Великий Князь Георгий МихайловичВеликий Князь Георгий МихайловичCousin23.08.186330.01.1919
        114Jekabs PetersJekabs PetersCulprit03.12.188625.04.1938

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