Marie Luise Alexandrine

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Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Berlin-Mitte, Dorotheenstädtisch-Friedrichwerderscher Friedhof I

Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was born on 3 February 1808 in Weimar. She was a princess of Saxe-Wiemar-Eisenach by birth, and by marriage a princess of Prussia. She was the daughter of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia.


Princess Marie was the eldest daughter of Prince and later Grand Duke Charles Frederick of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife, Maria Pavlovna Romanova, who was the sister of Czar Alexander I of Russia. Her father was a shy man, whose favourite reading material were fairy tales until the end of his life. Her mother, by contrast, was "one of the most significant woman of her time", according to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Marie and her three years younger sister Augusta received a comprehensive education, which focused on the courtly ceremonial duties they were to have as adults. This education included painting lessons by the court painter Louise Seidler and music lessons by the court conductor Johann Nepomuk Hummel.

Marie grew up at the court in Weimar, which was considered one of the most liberal in Germany. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach had already adopted a constitution in 1816. The court was very receptive towards literature and other art forms, due to the influence of the late Duchess Anna Amalia, who had died in 1807. Goethe had been managing the court theater in Weimar until 1817, and remained a welcome guest at the ducal court afterwards.

Marie's grandfather, Duke Charles August was raised to Grand Duke in 1815, due to the influence of the Czar and his own attitude at the Congress of Vienna. This allowed Marie to use the style Royal Highness. Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach also achieved a considerable territorial expansion during the Congress of Vienna.


Negotiating a marriage

Marie was sixteen years old when she first met her future husband, Prince Charles of Prussia in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1824. He was the third son of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna and her two daughters were travelling to Russia, and had arranged to meet her brother, Grand Duke and later Czar Nicholas, and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna in Frankfurt. When they arrived in Frankfurt, they were welcomed by Prince Charles and his brother William I. At the time, his older brother William was in love with the Polish princess Elisa Radziwill.

King Frederick William III was in favour of Charles marrying Marie and immediately contacted the courts in Saint Petersburg and Weimar to negotiate a marriage arrangement. At the time Maria Feodorovna, the mother of the Czar, was still the authority in family matters. Neither she, nor Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, gave the response that Frederick William III had hoped for. Both court were hoping that Marie could marry an heir to the throne, albeit a throne of a smaller country. The third son of a King was not quite what they had in mind.

The Russians proposed that Marie could marry William and his younger brother Charles would marry her younger sister Augusta. This would be a better fit in terms of age, and would certainly satisfy the court in Weimar, and William liked Marie more than he did Augusta. Frederick William III, however, saw nothing in this proposal, which completely ignored the feelings of his sons.

Things were further complicated by William's being in love with Elisa Radziwiłł. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna tried to defame Ms. Radziwiłł with every means available. Outwardly, she did not want to base her daughter's marriage on the ruins of William's happiness. She hoped that William would marry Elisa morganatically, so he would not have a legitimate heir, and the Prussian throne would be inherited by the heirs of Charles and Marie. So she would not actually have been very happy if William were to break off his relationship with Elisa and marry a lady of his own rank and have legitimate heirs. An ally in her quest to paint Elisa as lower nobility was Grand Duke George, the brother of Charles's late mother.

Negotiations had already lasted more than two years when Maria Feodorovna managed to peruade her daughter to agree to a marriage between Charles and Marie, without putting any conditions on William.

Two marriages

On 26 May 1827 Princess Marie married Prince Charles of Prussia in Charlottenburg (now part of Berlin). Their son Frederich Charles was born 10 months later. Marie's sister Augusta and Charles' brother William gave in to dynastic pressure and married two years later. Their marriage, however, was not a happy one. William regarded his wife as an "outstanding personality", but also as less charming than her older sister. Augusta, on the other had, was at first in love with her husband and full of hope for a happy marriage. She was aware of his unrequited love of Elisa Radziwiłł, but she had hoped to be able to replace her.


Charles and Marie had three children:

  • Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia (1828–1885); married Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
  • Princess Louise of Prussia (1829-1901); married Alexis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1828–1905)
  • Princess Anna of Prussia (1836–1918); married Frederick William, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel

Court life

Marie's younger sister Augusta was married to the then Crown Prince Wilhelm of Prussia. Marie consequently had lower status, being married to a mere Prince. She and her husband always resented their inferior position at court. While Charles took out his frustrations on womanizing and political schemes, Marie vied with Augusta over clothes, wigs, and jewels. Charles and Marie ran a fashionable household, surrounding themselves with high society, unlike the sober Wilhelm and intellectual Augusta.

Marie loathed both her sister and her successor Victoria, Princess Royal (married to the then Crown Prince Frederick). As Victoria was British, most of the vehemently anti-British court was in agreement with Marie that it would have been better had the marriage never occurred. In one letter, Victoria wrote her mother Queen Victoria stating that she overheard Marie telling her sister-in-law the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin how "she never ceased regretting that there is an Englishwoman in the family".

Life in Berlin and Glienicke

From 1829, the young family lived in their winter residence Prince Charles Palace at Wilhelmplatz No. 8-9 in Berlin, which had been rebuilt according to a design by Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

In 1824, Prince Charles had purchased a country house in today's Volkspark Glienicke. Between 1824 and 1826, it was rebuilt by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and became Glienicke Palace. This was Charles' and Marie's favourite residence. They added a casino, and the Kleine Neugierde, which was decorated with antique mosaics from Carthage. In 1835, the rotunda Große Neugierde was added, and in the following years the park was extended.

In 1859, Charles purchased Jagdschloss Glienicke for his son Frederick Charles.

Second Schleswig War

On 7 December 1865, King William I appointed Princess Marie as Royal Colonel of the First Westphalian Field Regiment No. 7, in recognition of the regiment's achievements during the Second Schleswig War, against Denmark in 1864. Her son Frederick Charles was a General of the cavalry during this war and had commanded the Prussian troops during the decisive Battle of Dybbøl.


She died on 18 January 1877 in Berlin, at the age of 69. Her husband constructed a vault under the church of St. Peter and Paul, near the Peacock Island in lake Wannsee. Here, he later buried beside her, in the night of the 24th to 25 January 1883.

Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Charles FrederickCharles FrederickFather02.02.178308.07.1853
        2Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaMother04.02.178611.06.1859
        3Karl Alexander August JohannKarl Alexander August JohannBrother24.06.181805.01.1901
        Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick AugustBrother25.09.180510.04.1806
        5Marie Luise Augusta KatharineMarie Luise Augusta KatharineSister30.09.181107.01.1890
        6Nicholas I of RussiaNicholas I of RussiaUncle06.07.179618.02.1855
        7Alexander I of RussiaAlexander I of RussiaUncle12.12.177719.11.1825
        8Alexander  Württemberg, DukeAlexander Württemberg, DukeUncle09.09.180404.07.1885
        9Михаил ПавловичМихаил ПавловичUncle08.02.179828.08.1849
        10Константин ПавловичКонстантин ПавловичUncle27.04.177915.06.1831
        11Екатерина ПавловнаЕкатерина ПавловнаAunt10.05.178809.01.1819
        12Duchess Maria DorotheaDuchess Maria DorotheaAunt01.11.179730.03.1855
        13Елена  ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаAunt17.12.178424.09.1803
        14Anna PavlovnaAnna PavlovnaAunt18.01.179501.03.1865
        15Alexander IIIAlexander IIINephew10.03.184501.11.1894
        16Nicholas  MikhailovichNicholas MikhailovichNephew14.04.185930.01.1919
        17Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановNephew01.06.186030.01.1919
        18Великий Князь Георгий МихайловичВеликий Князь Георгий МихайловичNephew23.08.186330.01.1919
        19Paul  AlexandrovichPaul AlexandrovichNephew03.10.186030.01.1919
        20Princess LouisePrincess LouiseNiece03.12.183823.04.1923
        21Paul IPaul IGrandfather01.10.175423.03.1801
        22Maria FeodorovnaMaria FeodorovnaGrandmother14.10.175924.10.1828
        23Peter IIIPeter IIIGreat grandfather21.02.172817.07.1762
        24Stanisław PoniatowskiStanisław PoniatowskiGreat grandfather17.01.173212.02.1798
        25Frederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeFrederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeGreat grandfather21.01.173223.12.1797
        26Catherine the  GreatCatherine the GreatGreat grandmother02.05.172917.11.1796
        27William IIIWilliam IIICousin19.02.181723.11.1890
        28Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaCousin03.09.185118.06.1926
        29Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeCousin28.08.183721.01.1900
        30Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичCousin14.02.185027.01.1918
        31Gustaw EhrenbergGustaw EhrenbergCousin14.02.181828.09.1895
        32Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichCousin21.09.182725.01.1892
        33Екатерина МихайловнаЕкатерина МихайловнаCousin16.08.182730.04.1894
        34Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичCousin10.08.185802.06.1915
        35Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaCousin18.08.181921.02.1876
        36Duke Peter  Georgievich of OldenburgDuke Peter Georgievich of OldenburgCousin26.08.181214.05.1881
        37Михаил НиколаевичМихаил НиколаевичCousin25.10.183218.12.1909
        38Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийCousin27.07.183113.04.1891
        39Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaCousin11.09.182230.10.1892
        40Alexander IIAlexander IICousin29.04.181813.03.1881

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