Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg

Duke Peter  Georgievich of OldenburgDuke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg
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Пётр Георгиевич Ольденбургский
Aristocrat, Military person, Prince, Public figure, Statesman
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Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (26 August 1812 in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire – 14 May 1881 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire) was a Duke of the House of Oldenburg. He was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. His great-great grandson, Nicholas Romanov, is the current President of the Romanov Family Association.

Peter of Oldenburg was a scholar and philanthropist. He was also noted composer of music. In 1857 he composed the music for Marius Petipa's ballet La Rose, la Violette et le Papillon. The Pas d'Esclave from the ballet Le Corsaire, which is taken from his score for this work, is still heard in theatres all over the world.

Early life

Peter Georgievich was born on 26 August 1812 in Yaroslavl, Russia as Prince Peter Konstantin Friedrich of Oldenburg. His father, Duke George, who was only the second son of the reigning Duke of Oldenburg, had no prospects of inherited his father's state or fortune of his own and was living in Russia since his marriage in 1809 to Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia. Duke George, who had been appointed governor on the Volga, died six month after Peter Georgievitch, his second, was born. Peter's mother Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia was the favorite sister of Tsar Alexander I of Russia who took his two nephews, Peter and his older brother Alexander, under his protection. The brothers lived in Russia until his mother married King William I of Württemberg in 1816. They moved to Württemberg and were educated in Stuttgart. At the death of his mother, less than three years later, Peter and his brother were sent to their grandfather in Oldenburg. Being in direct line of succession to the throne of Oldenburg, as their uncle the hereditary Grand Duke Augustus was unmarried at the time, both boys were given the same extensive education by their grandfather Duke Peter as he had given his own sons and were regularly sent on instructive trips around Germany to broaden their education.

In May 1829 his grandfather died and after the death of his brother Alexander in November of the same year, Peter maternal uncle, Tsar Nicholas I of Russia sent for Peter, and named him a Colonel in the Lifeguards. He quickly rose through the ranks and was subsequently appointed Lieutenant General. After four years service he retired, and became active in St. Petersburg government. In 1834 he was made a Russian Senator, and it was from that time that his name began to be known as a great philanthropist, devoting his energies primarily to education. He founded the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, at which Russia's future judges and administrators were educated, and in 1844 he was appointed head of an organization to further the education of women.

Peter of Oldenburg was also a scholar, speaking eight languages. As Honorary President of the Tsarina Maria Trust he also played a leading role in overseeing the development of hospitals in Russia, one of which in St Petersburg was called the Prince Peter of Oldenburg Children Hospital. He also made substantial donation to school building programs in Oldenburg, his country of origin.


On 23 April 1837 Duke Peter married Therese Wilhelmine Friederikke, Princess of Nassau-Weilburg in Biebrich. This was a happy marriage that lasted for more than thirty years. They had eight children, three of them died early. A daughter Cecilie died in childhood in 1843 and another daughter, Catherine and a son George died from tuberculosis in 1866 and 1871 respectively. Peter Georgievich and his wife led an exemplary family life, and looked carefully after the education of their children. The family spent the winter months in Peterhof and moved for the summer to their other residence Kamenoi-Ostroff.


Duke Peter was a talented pianist and composer, and in 1842 he composed his first major piano concerto. In 1844 his second piano concerto was performed for the first time at the Mikhailovsky Palace by the great pianist Clara Schumann, and conducted by his longtime friend and colleague Adolf Henselt.

As with most Russian nobility, Duke Peter was a longtime balletomane and patron of the arts. In 1857 he was commissioned to compose the score for Marius Petipa's ballet-divertissement La Rose, la Violette et le Papillon, which was given as a performance for the royal court at the Imperial Theatre of Tsarskoe Selo. In 1858 Petipa extracted a Pas de Deux from the Duke's score and added it to his revival of the ballet Le Corsaire, renaming the piece the Pas d'Esclave. It is the only composition of Duke Peter's still heard today in the theater.

Many of Duke Peter's compositions were used as educational tools by the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. The composer and teacher Adolf Henselt, a close friend of the Duke's, expanded on many of his compositions in order to utilize them for instructional purposes.

Last years

Peter spent fifty years In Russia's service, for which he was widely respected and was thanked by a massive celebration in St Petersburg in 1880 attended by his first cousin Tsar Alexander II of Russia and most of the Imperial family, his cousin Grand Duke Nicholas of Oldenburg and representatives of the many organizations with which the Prince was connected. He was close to Tsar Alexander II and took his assassination in March 1881 very badly and died two months later on 14 May 1881 in St. Petersburg.


  • Alexandra of Oldenburg (2 June 1838, St. Petersburg – 13 April 1900 Kiev, Ukraine); m. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831–1891).
  • Nicholas of Oldenburg (9 May 1840, St. Petersburg – 20 January 1886, Geneva, Switzerland); m. Maria Bulazel created Countess von Osternburg.
  • Cecile of Oldenburg (27 February 1842 St. Petersburg – 11 January 1843, St. Petersburg)
  • Alexander of Oldenburg (2 June 1844, St Petersburg, – 6 September 1932, Biarritz, France). Heir of the Russian Oldenburgs. He was once a candidate to the Bulgarian throne. He married Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg. Their only son, Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg, married Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia.
  • Catherine of Oldenburg (21 September 1846, St. Petersburg – 23 June 1866, St. Petersburg)
  • George of Oldenburg (17 April 1848, St. Petersburg – 17 March 1871, St. Petersburg)
  • Constantin of Oldenburg (27 April 1850, St. Petersburg – 18 March 1906 in Nice, France); m. Agrafena Djaparidze, created Countess von Zarnekau
  • Therese of Oldenburg (30 March 1852, St. Petersburg – 18 April 1883 St. Petersburg); m.George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg (1852–1912)

Titles and styles

  • 26 August 1812 – 14 May 1881 His Imperial Highness Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg

Source: wikipedia.org

Title From To Images Languages
Coastal Monastery of Saint SergiusCoastal Monastery of Saint Sergiusen


        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Георгий Петрович ОльденбургскийГеоргий Петрович ОльденбургскийFather00.00.178400.00.1812
        2Екатерина ПавловнаЕкатерина ПавловнаMother10.05.178809.01.1819
        3Принц Николай ПетровичПринц Николай ПетровичSon09.05.184020.01.1886
        4Duke Constantine  Petrovich of OldenburgDuke Constantine Petrovich of OldenburgSon09.05.185018.03.1906
        5Принц Александр  ОльденбургскийПринц Александр ОльденбургскийSon02.06.184406.09.1932
        6Тереза ОльденбургскаяТереза ОльденбургскаяDaughter30.03.185219.04.1883
        7Duchess Alexandra  Petrovna of OldenburgDuchess Alexandra Petrovna of OldenburgDaughter02.06.183825.04.1900
        8Princess Theresa  of Nassau-WeilburgPrincess Theresa of Nassau-WeilburgWife17.04.181508.12.1871
        9Alexander  Württemberg, DukeAlexander Württemberg, DukeUncle09.09.180404.07.1885
        10Alexander I of RussiaAlexander I of RussiaUncle12.12.177719.11.1825
        11Константин ПавловичКонстантин ПавловичUncle27.04.177915.06.1831
        12Nicholas I of RussiaNicholas I of RussiaUncle06.07.179618.02.1855
        13Михаил ПавловичМихаил ПавловичUncle08.02.179828.08.1849
        14Елена  ПавловнаЕлена ПавловнаAunt17.12.178424.09.1803
        15Duchess Maria DorotheaDuchess Maria DorotheaAunt01.11.179730.03.1855
        16Anna PavlovnaAnna PavlovnaAunt18.01.179501.03.1865
        17Maria  PavlovnaMaria PavlovnaAunt04.02.178611.06.1859
        18Gabriel RomanovGabriel RomanovNephew15.07.188728.02.1955
        19Константин КонстантиновичКонстантин КонстантиновичNephew10.08.185802.06.1915
        20Igor  ConstantinovichIgor ConstantinovichNephew29.05.189418.07.1918
        21Oleg  KonstantinovichOleg KonstantinovichNephew15.11.189229.09.1914
        22Grand Duke Alexander MikhailovichGrand Duke Alexander MikhailovichNephew13.04.186626.02.1933
        23Nicholas  MikhailovichNicholas MikhailovichNephew14.04.185930.01.1919
        24Михаил Михайлович, Великий князьМихаил Михайлович, Великий князьNephew16.10.186126.04.1929
        25Alexander IIIAlexander IIINephew10.03.184501.11.1894
        26Дмитрий Константинович РомановДмитрий Константинович РомановNephew01.06.186030.01.1919
        27Мориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийМориц Саксен-АльтенбургскийNephew24.10.182913.05.1907
        28Владимир АлександровичВладимир АлександровичNephew10.04.184704.02.1909
        29Paul  AlexandrovichPaul AlexandrovichNephew03.10.186030.01.1919
        30Сергей МихайловичСергей МихайловичNephew25.09.186918.07.1918
        31Великий князь Сергей МихайловичВеликий князь Сергей МихайловичNephew07.10.186918.07.1918
        32Алексей МихайловичАлексей МихайловичNephew28.12.187502.03.1895
        33Prince Ioann  Konstantinovich of RussiaPrince Ioann Konstantinovich of RussiaNephew05.07.188618.07.1918
        34Великий Князь Георгий МихайловичВеликий Князь Георгий МихайловичNephew23.08.186330.01.1919
        35Georgy  KonstantinovichGeorgy KonstantinovichNephew23.04.190307.11.1938
        36Анастасия МихайловнаАнастасия МихайловнаNiece28.07.186011.03.1922
        37Вера КонстантиновнаВера КонстантиновнаNiece24.04.190611.01.2001
        38князь Георгий Максимилианович Романовскийкнязь Георгий Максимилианович РомановскийSon in-law29.02.185203.05.1912
        39Николай СтаршийНиколай СтаршийSon in-law27.07.183113.04.1891
        40Paul IPaul IGrandfather01.10.175423.03.1801
        41Maria FeodorovnaMaria FeodorovnaGrandmother14.10.175924.10.1828
        42Великий князь Пётр НиколаевичВеликий князь Пётр НиколаевичGrandson10.01.186417.06.1931
        43Grand Duke Nicholas  Nikolaevich of RussiaGrand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of RussiaGrandson18.11.185605.01.1929
        44Кирилл ВладимировичКирилл ВладимировичGrandson12.10.187612.10.1938
        45Vladimir  PaleyVladimir PaleyGrandson09.01.189718.07.1918
        46Петр  ОльденбургскийПетр ОльденбургскийGrandson21.11.186811.03.1924
        47Ольга  РомановаОльга РомановаGranddaughter13.06.188224.11.1960
        48Grand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGrand Duchess Maria PavlovnaGranddaughter18.04.189013.12.1958
        49Stanisław PoniatowskiStanisław PoniatowskiGreat grandfather17.01.173212.02.1798
        50Peter IIIPeter IIIGreat grandfather21.02.172817.07.1762
        51Frederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeFrederick II Eugene Württemberg, DukeGreat grandfather21.01.173223.12.1797
        52Catherine the  GreatCatherine the GreatGreat grandmother02.05.172917.11.1796
        53Prince Nikita  Nikitich RomanovPrince Nikita Nikitich RomanovGreat grandson13.05.192303.05.2007
        54Prince George Duke of KentPrince George Duke of KentGreat grandson20.12.190225.08.1942
        55Князь Роман ПетровичКнязь Роман ПетровичGreat grandson17.10.189623.10.1978
        56Vladimir  RomanovVladimir RomanovGreat grandson30.08.191721.04.1992
        57Edward  VIIIEdward VIIIGreat grandson23.06.189428.05.1972
        58Mikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovMikhail Aleksandrovich RomanovGreat grandson04.12.187813.06.1918
        59Andrei  VladimirovichAndrei VladimirovichGreat grandson02.05.187930.10.1956
        60Boris  Wladimirowitsch RomanowBoris Wladimirowitsch RomanowGreat grandson24.11.187709.11.1943
        61Гурий  КуликовскийГурий КуликовскийGreat grandson23.04.191911.09.1984
        62Nikolajs II RomanovsNikolajs II RomanovsGreat grandson19.05.186817.07.1918
        63Тихон Куликовский-РомановТихон Куликовский-РомановGreat grandson25.08.191708.04.1993
        64George BrasovGeorge BrasovGreat grandson06.08.191021.07.1931
        65George VIGeorge VIGreat grandson14.12.189506.02.1952
        66Grand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGrand Duchess Elena VladimirovnaGreat granddaughter17.03.188213.03.1957
        67Марина  РомановаМарина РомановаGreat granddaughter11.03.189215.05.1981
        68Irina Alexandrovna of RussiaIrina Alexandrovna of RussiaGreat granddaughter03.07.189526.02.1970
        69Надежда  РомановаНадежда РомановаGreat granddaughter15.03.189821.04.1988
        70Великая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаВеликая княгиня Ксения АлександровнаGreat granddaughter06.04.187520.04.1960
        71Princess Marina  of Greece and DenmarkPrincess Marina of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter13.12.190627.08.1968
        72Princess Elizabeth of  Greece and DenmarkPrincess Elizabeth of Greece and DenmarkGreat granddaughter24.05.190411.01.1955
        73Anastasia RomanovaAnastasia RomanovaGreat granddaughter18.06.190117.07.1918
        74Natalia PaleyNatalia PaleyGreat granddaughter05.12.190527.12.1981
        75William IIIWilliam IIICousin19.02.181723.11.1890
        76Grand Duchess Maria  Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of RussiaCousin18.08.181921.02.1876
        77Marie Luise AlexandrineMarie Luise AlexandrineCousin03.02.180818.01.1877
        78Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeFrancis Paul Charles Louis Alexander Teck, DukeCousin28.08.183721.01.1900
        79Olga  NikolaevnaOlga NikolaevnaCousin11.09.182230.10.1892
        80Alexander IIAlexander IICousin, Friend29.04.181813.03.1881
        81Gustaw EhrenbergGustaw EhrenbergCousin14.02.181828.09.1895
        Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick AugustCousin25.09.180510.04.1806
        83Karl Alexander August JohannKarl Alexander August JohannCousin24.06.181805.01.1901
        84Николай КонстантиновичНиколай КонстантиновичCousin14.02.185027.01.1918
        85Marie Luise Augusta KatharineMarie Luise Augusta KatharineCousin30.09.181107.01.1890
        86Olga  Constantinovna of RussiaOlga Constantinovna of RussiaCousin03.09.185118.06.1926
        87Екатерина МихайловнаЕкатерина МихайловнаCousin16.08.182730.04.1894
        88Михаил НиколаевичМихаил НиколаевичCousin25.10.183218.12.1909
        89Konstantin NikolayevichKonstantin NikolayevichCousin21.09.182725.01.1892

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