Nikolai Vlasik (Russian: Николай Сидорович Власик) (May 22, 1896 – June 18, 1967) was a Soviet security official and General, best known as a head of Joseph Stalin's personal security from 1931 to 1952.
He was born in the village of Bobynichi in the Slonim district of Hrodna province (in present-day Hrodna Voblast, Belarus) on May 22, 1896 and died on June 18, 1967 in Moscow. He had a rank of Lieutenant-General.
Vlasik's military career had an early beginning. In March 1915, he was called into the army, and by the beginning of the October Revolution, was already appointed to the rank of corporal. In November 1917, he began serving in the Moscow militia. In September 1919, he was transferred to Cheka. By January 1926, he had made an impetuous career and became the senior representative of the Operative branch of OGPU. Furthermore, Vlasik held supervising posts in the operations section, which included the protection of the heads of the party and government.
For many years, Vlasik was chief of Stalin's personal protective service in Kremlin, beginning in 1931 (this service was subordinated directly to Stalin and independent on the secret police NKVD). He also became, in essence, a member of the family. After the death of Stalin’s wife, Nadezhda Alliluyeva, he was also the tutor of Stalin’s children, practically carried out the functions of a major-domo.
In the memoirs of Stalin’s daughter, Svetlana Allilueva, she characterizes Vlasik as an "illiterate, silly, rough and extremely impudent despot". As she said he was so corrupted with authority, that "he began to dictate to art workers and arts, tastes of comrade Stalin", and "...figures listened and followed his councils. Any celebratory concert at the Big Theatre or Georgia’s Hall did not take place without the sanction of Vlasik".
On December 15, 1952 Vlasik was removed from his position and soon arrested on false charges in connection with the Doctors' plot. Immediately after Stalin's death, all of the accused doctors were released and charges against them dropped. However Vlasik was not released and the charges against him were changed to abuse of power and embezzlement. In 1955 he was stripped of his General rank and all medals and exiled for ten years to Krasnoyarsk. In accordance with an earlier (March 27, 1953) amnesty, his sentence was reduced to five years. In 1956, Vlasik was pardoned but his rank was not restored. In 2000 his sentence was annulled and he was completely exonerated.
In his memoirs Vlasik wrote, "I was severely offended by Stalin. For 25 years of doing an excellent job, receiving nothing but encouragement and awards, I was excluded from the Party and flung into prison. For my boundless fidelity he gave me into the charge of my enemies. But never, for any minute of the condition I was in, to whatever mockeries I was exposed while in prison, had I in my soul any malice against Stalin".
According to his wife, Vlasik was convinced that Lavrentiy Beria "helped" Stalin die.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
- Cross of St. George, 4th class
- Three Orders of Lenin (26 April 1940, 21 February 1945, 16 September 1945)
- Order of the Red Banner, four times (28 August 1937, 20 September 1943, 3 November 1944)
- Order of the Red Star (14 May 1936)
- Order of Kutuzov, 1st class (24 February 1945)
- Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" (22 February 1938)
- Honoured Worker of the Cheka-GPU, twice (20/12/1932, 16/12/1935)
Born 1896, Белоруссия, Гродненская губ., Слонимский уезд, д. Бобыничи; белорус; Церковно-приходская школа;
Arrested: 15 December 1952.
Sentenced: Военная Коллегия Верховного Суда СССР 17 January 1955.
Source: Красноярское общество "Мемориал"
Source: wikipedia.org, memo.ru
|Relation name||Relation type||Description|
|7||Lavrentiy Beriya||Coworker, Opponent|
|8||Ivans Jusis||Coworker, Predecessor|
|9||Mikhail Ryumin||Coworker, Idea mate|
|18||Joseph Stalin||Employer, Idea mate|
|20||Александр Щербаков||Idea mate|