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Mikhail Gorbachev

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Birth Date:
02.03.1931
Death date:
30.08.2022
Burial date:
03.09.2022
Extra names:
Mihails Gorbačovs, Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв, Михаил Горбачёв
Categories:
Communist, Communist Party worker, Lieutenant colonel, Member of Parliament, Nobel prize, Nominee, Politician, President, Statesman
Nationality:
 russian, ukrainian
Cemetery:
Set cemetery

Mikhail Gorbachev was the first president of the Soviet Union, serving from 1990 to 1991. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for contributing to the break-up of the USSR.

Mikhail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, in Privolnoye, Russia. In 1961, he became a delegate to the Communist Party Congress. He was elected general secretary in 1985. He became the first president of the Soviet Union in 1990, and won the Nobel Prize for Peace that same year. He resigned in 1991, and has since founded the Gorbachev Foundation and remains active in social and political causes.

Early Life

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, to a Russian-Ukrainian family in the village of Privolnoye, in the Krasnogvardeisky District near the Stavropol Territory of southern Russia.

Gorbachev’s parents were peasants. His father, Sergei, operated a combine harvester for a living. Sergei was drafted into the Russian Army when the Nazis invaded the USSR in 1941. Three years later, he was wounded in action and returned home to resume operating farm machinery. Sergei passed on his experience with a combine harvester to his young son, Mikhail. Mikhail Gorbachev was a quick learner and showed an aptitude for mechanics.

As a teenager, Gorbachev contributed to the family’s income by driving tractors at a local machine station. So hard a worker was he that, by the age of 17, Gorbachev was the youngest ever to win the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for his active role in bringing in that year’s bumper crop. Gorbachev’s mother, Maria, exemplified this tireless work ethic with her lifelong toil on a collective farm.

The political climate during Mikhail Gorbachev’s upbringing was turbulent. In the 1930s, when Gorbachev was still very young, he suffered the trauma of seeing his maternal grandfather, Pantelei Gopkalo, arrested during the Great Purge. Gopkalo was accused of being a Trotskyite counterrevolutionary and was imprisoned and tortured for 14 months. To his family’s great relief, he was spared execution.

The economic climate during Mikhail Gorbachev’s childhood was also one of turmoil. In 1933, southern Russia endured a major drought. Since the region depended on farming for both food and income, its residents suffered from famine, and many died of starvation.

As a child, Gorbachev had a passion for learning. When he graduated from high school with a silver medal in 1950, his father persuaded him to continue on to university. Gorbachev’s academic record was stellar, and he was accepted into Moscow University, the premier school in the Soviet Union, without having to take the entrance exam. The university even provided him with free living accommodations at a nearby hostel. Gorbachev graduated from Moscow University cum laude with a law degree in 1955 and shortly afterward returned to his hometown with his new wife, Raisa, a fellow Moscow University alumnus.

Early Political Involvement

Gorbachev had become a candidate member of the Communist party while he was in high school, but it wasn’t until 1952, when he was at Moscow University, that he was granted full membership.

Once back in Stavropol after graduation, Gorbachev took a position at the Stavropol territorial prosecutor’s office. Soon after he began the job, Gorbachev ran into some old acquaintances. They remembered him from his involvement in the Young Communist League during high school. Because Gorbachev had shown himself to be dedicated and organized, they asked him to be the assistant director of propaganda for the territorial committee of the local Communist youth league. Soviet premier Joseph Stalin had died two years prior, and the Soviet Union’s process of political restructuring created an exciting climate for young Communist Party activists. Eager to get involved, Gorbachev accepted the offer and resigned his position at the prosecutor’s office after just 10 days on the job.

Gorbachev steadily rose through the ranks of the Communist league. In 1956, he was made first secretary of the Stavropol City Komsomol Committee. In 1961, he was appointed as a delegate to the party congress. Throughout the 1960s, Gorbachev continued to advance his political position and increase his knowledge of agriculture and economics, eventually becoming the regional agricultural administrator and party leader.

In 1980, Gorbachev made a critical advancement in his burgeoning political career when he became a full member of the Politburo, otherwise known as the Political Bureau of the Central Agency, the executive committee for numerous Communist Party factions.

 

Source: wikipedia.org

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        Relation nameRelation typeBirth DateDeath dateDescription
        1Raisa GorbachovaRaisa GorbachovaWife05.01.193220.09.1999
        2Максим  ТитаренкоМаксим ТитаренкоFather in-law00.00.190700.00.1986
        3Александра  ТитаренкоАлександра ТитаренкоMother in-law00.00.191300.00.1991
        4Yevgeny   TitarenkoYevgeny TitarenkoBrother in-law05.12.192528.04.2018
        5Margaret ThatcherMargaret ThatcherFriend13.10.192508.04.2013
        6Heydar AliyevHeydar AliyevCoworker10.05.192312.12.2003
        7Yegor  LigachyovYegor LigachyovCoworker29.11.192007.05.2021
        8Leonid BrezhnevLeonid BrezhnevCoworker19.12.190610.11.1982
        9Дмитрий ЯзовДмитрий ЯзовCoworker08.11.192425.02.2020
        10Boris  PugoBoris PugoCoworker19.02.193722.08.1991
        11Yuri AndropovYuri AndropovCoworker15.06.191409.02.1984
        12Konstantin ChernenkoKonstantin ChernenkoCoworker24.09.191110.03.1985
        13Boris YeltsinBoris YeltsinCoworker01.02.193123.04.2007
        14Fyodor KulakovFyodor KulakovCoworker04.02.191817.07.1978
        15Jānis VagrisJānis VagrisCoworker17.10.193006.01.2023
        16Виктор ШейнисВиктор ШейнисCoworker16.02.193125.06.2023
        17Gennady  BurbulisGennady BurbulisCoworker04.08.194519.06.2022
        18Nikolai  RyzhkovNikolai RyzhkovCoworker28.09.192928.02.2024
        19Михаил  МоисеевМихаил МоисеевCoworker22.01.193918.12.2022
        20Вадим  МедведевВадим МедведевCoworker29.03.1929
        21Nancy ReaganNancy ReaganFamiliar06.07.192106.03.2016
        22Gleb PavlovskijGleb PavlovskijFamiliar05.03.195126.02.2023
        23Larry  KingLarry KingFamiliar19.11.193323.01.2021
        24Игорь СергеевИгорь СергеевFamiliar20.04.193810.11.2006
        25Silvio BerlusconiSilvio BerlusconiFamiliar26.09.193612.06.2023
        26John McCainJohn McCainFamiliar29.08.193625.08.2018
        27Alexander YakovlevAlexander YakovlevFamiliar02.12.192318.10.2005
        28Menachem BeginMenachem BeginFamiliar16.08.191309.03.1982
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        30Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew BrzezinskiFamiliar28.03.192826.05.2017
        31George BushGeorge BushFamiliar12.06.192430.11.2018
        32Walter UlbrichtWalter UlbrichtFamiliar30.06.189301.08.1973
        33Algirdas BrazauskasAlgirdas BrazauskasFamiliar22.09.193226.06.2010
        34Colin  PowellColin PowellFamiliar05.04.193718.10.2021
        35Gerald FordGerald FordFamiliar14.07.191326.12.2006
        36Yevgeny PrimakovYevgeny PrimakovFamiliar29.10.192926.06.2015
        37Андрей ВоробьевАндрей ВоробьевFamiliar01.11.192815.06.2020
        38Борис НоткинБорис НоткинFamiliar13.08.194211.11.2017
        39Ruslan HasbulatovRuslan HasbulatovFamiliar22.11.194203.01.2023
        40Николай КондратенкоНиколай КондратенкоFamiliar16.02.194023.11.2013
        41Сергей  КириенкоСергей КириенкоFamiliar26.07.1962
        42Andrei SakharovAndrei SakharovFamiliar21.05.192114.12.1989
        43Wojciech  JaruzelskiWojciech JaruzelskiFamiliar06.07.192325.05.2014
        44John Paul IIJohn Paul IIFamiliar18.05.192002.04.2005
        45Юрий СкоковЮрий СкоковFamiliar20.06.193805.02.2013
        46Tadeusz MazowieckiTadeusz MazowieckiFamiliar18.04.192728.10.2013
        47Volodymyr ShcherbytskyVolodymyr ShcherbytskyFamiliar17.02.191816.02.1990
        48Ronald  ReaganRonald ReaganFamiliar06.02.191105.06.2004
        49Олег ГордиевскийОлег ГордиевскийFamiliar10.10.1938
        50József Antall Jr.József Antall Jr.Familiar08.04.193212.12.1993
        51Nikolay KruchinaNikolay KruchinaFamiliar14.05.192826.08.1991
        52Dries van AgtDries van AgtFamiliar02.02.193105.02.2024
        53Martti AhtisaariMartti AhtisaariFamiliar23.06.193716.10.2023
        54Rafiks  NišanovsRafiks NišanovsEmployee15.01.192611.01.2023
        55Александр ТизяковАлександр ТизяковOpponent10.12.192625.01.2019
        56Sergey MikhalkovSergey MikhalkovOpponent13.03.191327.08.2009

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        11.03.1985 | Mikhail Gorbachev was appointed General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party; leader of the Soviet Union.

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        Kāds ļoti spilgts un revolucionārs notikums pirmsatmodas un arī Latvijas kino vēsturē - Jāņa Streiča drosmīgā runa PSRS Kinematogrāfistu savienības kongresā 1986. gadā, kas raksturo izcilo latviešu kinorežisoru kā lielisku oratoru ar prasmi ironizēt un improvizēt, taču vissvarīgāk – tas bija liels un nozīmīgs solis pretī pārmaiņām un mūsu visu brīvībai.

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        Nogalināti no 40 līdz 300 cilvēki, emigrējuši >200,000

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        11.02.1991 | Iceland - the first country recognised Lithuania's independence

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        19.08.1991 | Soviet coup d'état attempt

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        20.08.1991 | Estonia declares independence

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        28.08.2014 | Juris Ciganovs: Divdesmit gadi kopš Krievijas armijas izvešanas

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        05.04.2018 | Jānis Peters: Kā mēs aizbēgām uz partijas 19. konferenci

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        10.09.2018 | LR Augstākās Tiesas bijušais priekšsēdētājs dod publisku negatīvu vērtējumu par valsts prezidenta atklātu ievēlēšanu

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